85 results found
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Herbivory-induced volatiles function as defenses increasing fitness of the native plant Nicotiana attenuata in nature

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    A 2-year field study has demonstrated that volatile compounds produced by plants when they are attacked by herbivores act as defenses by attracting predators to the herbivores and increasing the reproduction of the plants.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Feeding-induced rearrangement of green leaf volatiles reduces moth oviposition

    Silke Allmann et al.
    The ability of Manduca moths to recognize changes in the profile of volatile compounds released by plants being attacked by Manduca caterpillars allows them to lay their eggs on plants that are less likely to be attacked by insects and other predators, and to avoid competing against other caterpillars of the same species for resources.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The human gut and groundwater harbor non-photosynthetic bacteria belonging to a new candidate phylum sibling to Cyanobacteria

    Sara C Di Rienzi et al.
    Melainabacteria, a candidate phylum related to Cyanobacteria, has been identified in gut and sediment samples by genomic analysis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Cytoplasmic genetic variation and extensive cytonuclear interactions influence natural variation in the metabolome

    Bindu Joseph et al.
    Genes located within cellular organelles impact phenotype more than expected due to their interactions with nuclear genes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Discovery of a metabolic alternative to the classical mevalonate pathway

    Nikki Dellas et al.
    A combination of phylogenetic and biochemical analyses suggest that some unexpected variations in the synthesis of isoprenoids may be widespread across all three domains of life.
    1. Plant Biology

    Automated quantitative histology reveals vascular morphodynamics during Arabidopsis hypocotyl secondary growth

    Martial Sankar et al.
    Combining high-resolution imaging with automated image segmentation and supervised machine learning achieves accurate cellular feature extraction and automated cell type recognition in a large-scale developmental process.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Hidden shift of the ionome of plants exposed to elevated CO2 depletes minerals at the base of human nutrition

    Irakli Loladze
    Increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide reduce the mineral content but increase the levels of starch and sugars found in crop plants; which could exacerbate both obesity and malnutrition in some human populations.
    1. Plant Biology

    Phosphoprotein SAK1 is a regulator of acclimation to singlet oxygen in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

    Setsuko Wakao et al.
    SAK1, a novel cytoplasmic phosphoprotein, is a key intermediate component of the retrograde signaling pathway controlling nuclear gene expression during acclimation of Chlamydomonas cells to singlet oxygen stress.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the Plasmodium falciparum 80S ribosome bound to the anti-protozoan drug emetine

    Wilson Wong et al.
    The molecular mechanism behind how emetine inhibits the ribosome of the human malaria parasite, along with structural details of the complex formed, is revealed at high resolution using cryo-electron microscopy.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    The role of photorespiration during the evolution of C4 photosynthesis in the genus Flaveria

    Julia Mallmann et al.
    Metabolic exaptation of an anaplerotic nitrogen cycle between bundle sheath and mesophyll cells may explain the remarkably frequent convergent evolution of C4 photosynthesis.

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