2,730 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    A molecular view on the escape of lipoplexed DNA from the endosome

    Bart MH Bruininks et al.
    The molecular insight in lipoplex transfection mechanisms helps in the development of efficient and affordable gene delivery systems.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MxB sensitivity of HIV-1 is determined by a highly variable and dynamic capsid surface

    Richard J Miles et al.
    Conformational flexibility in HIV-1 capsid, provided by cyclophilin A binding, facilitates evasion of capsid-targeting restriction factor MxB, while allowing sequence change to facilitate cytotoxic T-cell evasion.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mannose receptor is an HIV restriction factor counteracted by Vpr in macrophages

    Jay Lubow et al.
    Interactions between HIV-1 Env and human mannose receptor enhance HIV entry but restrict viral egress and spread in the absence of Vpr.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The transcription factors Runx3 and ThPOK cross-regulate acquisition of cytotoxic function by human Th1 lymphocytes

    Yasmina Serroukh et al.
    The acquisition of cytotoxic function by human CD4 T cells is an integral part of the T helper 1 differentiation pathway and is limited by the transcription factor ThPOK.
    1. Neuroscience

    Novel long-range inhibitory nNOS-expressing hippocampal cells

    Zoé Christenson Wick et al.
    An intersectional genetic vector approach allows the identification and characterization of novel hippocampal inhibitory neurons with both broad local connectivity within CA1 and long-range projections to several extrahippocampal areas.
    1. Neuroscience

    KIT ligand protects against both light-induced and genetic photoreceptor degeneration

    Huirong Li et al.
    A combination of in vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrate a cell-autonomous role of the KIT ligand/KIT signaling pathway in protecting retinal photoreceptor cells from environmentally or genetically caused degeneration.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Punctuated evolution and transitional hybrid network in an ancestral cell cycle of fungi

    Edgar M Medina et al.
    Cell cycle network evolution in a fungal ancestor was punctuated by the arrival of a viral DNA-binding protein that was permanently incorporated into the regulatory network controlling cell cycle entry.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Unprecedented genomic diversity of RNA viruses in arthropods reveals the ancestry of negative-sense RNA viruses

    Ci-Xiu Li et al.
    Extensive genetic diversity and novel genome structures in RNA viruses from arthropods shed important new light on the ancestry and evolutionary history of major classes of vertebrate and plant viruses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The transforming growth factor beta signaling pathway is critical for the formation of CD4 T follicular helper cells and isotype-switched antibody responses in the lung mucosa

    Heather D Marshall et al.
    Differentiation of CD4 T cells into CD4 T follicular helper cells during viral infection in mice is promoted by tumor growth factor beta.
    1. Plant Biology

    A virus responds instantly to the presence of the vector on the host and forms transmission morphs

    Alexandre Martinière et al.
    Cauliflower mosaic virus reacts immediately when aphids feed on the host plant, and this boosts its chances of being taken up and transmitted by the insects to a new plant.

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