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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Interferon lambda 4 impacts the genetic diversity of hepatitis C virus

    M Azim Ansari et al.
    Interferon lambda 4, a protein part of the innate immune response, drives major amino acids selection in patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Translational control of auditory imprinting and structural plasticity by eIF2α

    Gervasio Batista et al.
    Behavioral pharmacology and molecular biology reveal a translational control mechanism underlying auditory imprinting and structural plasticity that can be pharmacologically manipulated to reopen the critical period.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Resurrection of a global, metagenomically defined gokushovirus

    Paul C Kirchberger, Howard Ochman
    Isolation of a gokushovirus capable of lysogenizing enterobacteria challenges previous notions about the biology of the most prolific phages within the Microviridae and facilitates experimental study in a model organism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical dopamine monitoring with dLight1 reveals mesolimbic phenotypes in a mouse model of neurofibromatosis type 1

    J Elliott Robinson et al.
    Heterozygous Nf1 knockout mice exhibit distinct dopaminergic phenotypes in vivo, as revealed by the genetically encoded dopamine sensor dLight1, patch clamp electrophysiology, optogenetics, and novel viral tools for morphological analysis.
    1. Neuroscience

    BDNF-TrkB signaling in oxytocin neurons contributes to maternal behavior

    Kristen R Maynard et al.
    Brain-derived neurotrophic factor signaling plays a causal role in female-typical social behavior and modulates oxytocin neuron gene expression.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Low FoxO expression in Drosophila somatosensory neurons protects dendrite growth under nutrient restriction

    Amy R Poe et al.
    The development of Drosophila somatosensory neurons is spared under nutrient deficiency so that they grow more dendrites and make animals more sensitive to environmental stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intramuscular Neurotrophin-3 normalizes low threshold spinal reflexes, reduces spasms and improves mobility after bilateral corticospinal tract injury in rats

    Claudia Kathe et al.
    Delayed intramuscular gene therapy with neurotrophin-3 after corticospinal tract injury reduces spasticity and improves locomotion by treating underlying causes of spasticity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Reconstruction of genetically identified neurons imaged by serial-section electron microscopy

    Maximilian Joesch et al.
    A new pipeline of electron microscopy techniques reduces the time required to visualize genetically targeted neurons and their connections by two orders of magnitude.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Quantitative microscopy of functional HIV post-entry complexes reveals association of replication with the viral capsid

    Ke Peng et al.
    A robust method to quantitatively visualize HIV-1 replication complexes in infected cells shows that these complexes remain associated with the viral capsid beyond nuclear import in primary macrophages.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genetic depletion studies inform receptor usage by virulent hantaviruses in human endothelial cells

    Maria Eugenia Dieterle et al.
    Several previously proposed cell-surface receptors for hantaviruses could be deleted in endothelial cells with little or no effect on infection, indicating that critical hantavirus entry factors remain undiscovered.