261 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Nonsense mRNA suppression via nonstop decay

    Joshua A Arribere, Andrew Z Fire
    Nonstop mRNA decay degrades mRNAs with a premature stop codon after such mRNAs are targeted by the nonsense-mediated decay machinery.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    MicroRNA-mediated repression of nonsense mRNAs

    Ya Zhao et al.
    microRNAs can serve as a surveillance system to repress nonsense mRNAs by recognizing miRNA-responsive elements in the open reading frame region downstream of the premature termination codon.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Polypyrimidine tract binding protein 1 protects mRNAs from recognition by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway

    Zhiyun Ge et al.
    The RNA-binding protein PTBP1 is recruited to sites near stop codons in retroviral and human mRNAs, shielding them from detection and degradation by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mutations: Stop that nonsense!

    Catherine L Jopling
    Insight
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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A feedback loop between nonsense-mediated decay and the retrogene DUX4 in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy

    Qing Feng et al.
    Expression of the disease gene DUX4 inhibits RNA quality control in skeletal muscle, thereby stabilizing thousands of aberrant RNAs, including its own transcript.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ICE1 promotes the link between splicing and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay

    Thomas D Baird et al.
    A whole-genome siRNA screen identifies ICE1 as a factor required for accurate sensing and quality control of mRNAs containing premature stop codons.
    1. Cell Biology

    Degradation of Gadd45 mRNA by nonsense-mediated decay is essential for viability

    Jonathan O Nelson et al.
    Excess expression of the Gadd45 mRNA accounts for lethality when nonsense-mediated decay is lost in Drosophila and mammalian cells, revealing that this pathway is a critical gene regulatory mechanism.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Quality control of transcription start site selection by nonsense-mediated-mRNA decay

    Christophe Malabat et al.
    RNA polymerase II generates numerous transcript isoforms, including transcripts initiating downstream of the START codon, that are efficiently degraded by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NOVA-dependent regulation of cryptic NMD exons controls synaptic protein levels after seizure

    Taesun Eom et al.
    The HITS-CLIP sequencing method is used to demonstrate that cryptic exons can detect messenger RNA that contains nonsense mutations, and then cause this RNA to decay, which shows that these exons are involved in maintaining the electrical balance of neurons and, possibly, preventing epilepsy.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The structural basis for dynamic DNA binding and bridging interactions which condense the bacterial centromere

    Gemma LM Fisher et al.
    A combination of structural, biochemical, single-molecule and in vivo methods are used to show how ParB locally condenses the bacterial chromosome near the origin and earmarks this region for segregation.

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