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    1. Medicine

    Long non-coding RNAs in regulation of adipogenesis and adipose tissue function

    Tiziana Squillaro et al.
    An update on the role of lncRNAs in adipogenesis and adipose tissue function, aimed at promoting the identification of new drug targets for obesity and metabolic diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic behavior of the locus coeruleus during arousal-related memory processing in a multi-modal 7T fMRI paradigm

    Heidi IL Jacobs et al.
    By combining ultra-high-field imaging with physiological and saliva measures it is established that interactions between locus coeruleus, hippocampus and amygdala vary along emotional memory stages, putatively reflecting distinct cognitive states.
    1. Neuroscience

    Paranoia as a deficit in non-social belief updating

    Erin J Reed et al.
    Paranoia is underwritten by variation in prior beliefs about how the world will change and how to learn from those changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noradrenergic projections from the locus coeruleus to the amygdala constrain fear memory reconsolidation

    Josué Haubrich et al.
    The overactivation of noradrenergic inputs to the amygdala during severe fear learning increases memory stability at the expense of lability, rendering the trace resistant to memory destabilization and reconsolidation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pupil-linked phasic arousal predicts a reduction of choice bias across species and decision domains

    Jan Willem de Gee et al.
    Across species and domains of decision-making, pupil-linked phasic arousal predicts suppression biases in the accumulation of evidence leading up to a choice.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Delta glutamate receptor conductance drives excitation of mouse dorsal raphe neurons

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    In mouse brain slices, native delta glutamate receptors carry ionic current and underlie the α1-adrenergic receptor-mediated depolarization of dorsal raphe neurons that drives action potential firing in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Organic electrochemical transistor arrays for real-time mapping of evoked neurotransmitter release in vivo

    Kai Xie et al.
    An implantable device based on organic electrochemical transistors is developed for quantitative mapping of neurotransmitter release across multiple brain regions, revealing a cross-talk between the mesolimbic and nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Catecholaminergic modulation of meta-learning

    Jennifer L Cook et al.
    A human psychopharmacology study reveals that a drug that affects the dopamine and noradrenaline systems enhances people's ability to adapt their learning rate to suit the volatility of the environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ultrastructural heterogeneity of layer 4 excitatory synaptic boutons in the adult human temporal lobe neocortex

    Rachida Yakoubi et al.
    Neocortical synapses in layer 4 of the human temporal lobe neocortex were quantitatively characterized, at the subcellular level, using high-end, high-resolution electron microscopy and 3D-volume reconstructions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-cell transcriptomic evidence for dense intracortical neuropeptide networks

    Stephen J Smith et al.
    Single-cell mRNA sequencing data from mouse neocortex expose evidence for peptidergic neuromodulation networks that locally interconnect every cortical neuron.