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105 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Linking mPFC circuit maturation to the developmental regulation of emotional memory and cognitive flexibility

    Cassandra B Klune et al.
    An analysis of recent literature advances novel hypotheses and suggests new experimental approaches in order to build an integrated understanding of prefrontal neural architecture and behavioral repertoires during development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural effects of propofol-induced unconsciousness and its reversal using thalamic stimulation

    André M Bastos et al.
    Understanding how general anesthesia changes neural dynamics in the cortex and thalamus can lead to its safer use and shed light on the nature of consciousness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Signed and unsigned reward prediction errors dynamically enhance learning and memory

    Nina Rouhani, Yael Niv
    Throughout learning, both unexpected outcomes and the predictive value of cues modulate learning rate and episodic memory, thereby supporting two seemingly opposing theories of associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Objective pupillometry shows that perceptual styles covary with autistic-like personality traits

    Chiara Tortelli et al.
    Pupillometry tracks individual differences linked with autistic traits independently of illusion susceptibility and perceptual reports.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The olfactory critical period is determined by activity-dependent Sema7A/PlxnC1 signaling within glomeruli

    Nobuko Inoue et al.
    The critical period in the mouse olfactory system is defined by activity-dependent synapse formation induced by Semaphorin7A/PlexinC1 signaling in the neonatal glomeruli.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Medicine

    Early postnatal interactions between beige adipocytes and sympathetic neurites regulate innervation of subcutaneous fat

    Jingyi Chi et al.
    The regulation of sympathetic innervation density by beige adipocytes in subcutaneous fat is important during a critical developmental window, but dispensable during adulthood.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical astrocytes independently regulate sleep depth and duration via separate GPCR pathways

    Trisha V Vaidyanathan et al.
    Cortical astrocytes play key roles in NREM sleep by regulating sleep depth and duration through separate GPCR pathways, and differentially control neuronal slow-wave activity in local and remote cortical circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Locus coeruleus spiking differently correlates with S1 cortex activity and pupil diameter in a tactile detection task

    Hongdian Yang et al.
    Correlations among LC spiking, membrane potential in S1 cortex, and pupil diameter vary within individual trials of a tactile detection task.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Bidirectional regulation of glial potassium buffering – glioprotection versus neuroprotection

    Hailun Li et al.
    A neuromodulatory circuit bidirectionally regulates the glial capacity to buffer ions and water in response to changes in neuronal excitation in order to balance glial versus neuronal protection.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human complex exploration strategies are enriched by noradrenaline-modulated heuristics

    Magda Dubois et al.
    Humans supplement complex, resource-demanding strategies with simple heuristics for solving the exploration-exploitation dilemma, and noradrenaline functioning controls their utilisation.

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