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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Distinct cellular and molecular mechanisms for β3 adrenergic receptor-induced beige adipocyte formation

    Yuwei Jiang et al.
    The activation of beige adipocyte thermogenesis by cold temperatures and β3-adrenergic receptor agonists induce beige adipocyte formation, function and perdurance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypocretin underlies the evolution of sleep loss in the Mexican cavefish

    James B Jaggard et al.
    The identification of evolutionarily-derived changes in Hypocretin function within the brains of short-sleeping Mexican cavefish provides a system for investigating the mechanistic basis of sleep differences throughout the animal kingdom.
    1. Cell Biology

    Metabolic flexibility via mitochondrial BCAA carrier SLC25A44 is required for optimal fever

    Takeshi Yoneshiro et al.
    Genetic and cellular studies in rodents found branched-chain amino acids are critical nutrients that are transported and oxidized in the mitochondria through their carrier MBC for optimal febrile responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pupil diameter encodes the idiosyncratic, cognitive complexity of belief updating

    Alexandre LS Filipowicz et al.
    Pupil-linked arousal dynamics are influenced more strongly by high-level internal belief states than by low-level sensory events during decision-making.
    1. Neuroscience

    HCN channel-mediated neuromodulation can control action potential velocity and fidelity in central axons

    Niklas Byczkowicz et al.
    The cAMP-HCN pathway can control action potential conduction velocity providing neuromodulators with the ability to tune energy consumption and temporal delays across axons in the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pull-push neuromodulation of cortical plasticity enables rapid bi-directional shifts in ocular dominance

    Su Z Hong et al.
    Neuromodulation of the expression of Hebbian plasticity enables rapid cortical sensory-induced remodeling in post-critical period adults, and can rescue deficits induced by prolonged sensory deprivation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Locus coeruleus spiking differently correlates with S1 cortex activity and pupil diameter in a tactile detection task

    Hongdian Yang et al.
    Correlations among LC spiking, membrane potential in S1 cortex, and pupil diameter vary within individual trials of a tactile detection task.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Small molecule induced oligomerization, clustering and clathrin-independent endocytosis of the dopamine transporter

    Tatiana Sorkina et al.
    Dopamine transporter (DAT) interaction with furopyrimidine called AIM-100 in intact cells leads to dramatic oligomerization, nanoclustering and endocytosis of DAT by a novel mechanism coupled to the transporter molecule conformation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Temporal pattern and synergy influence activity of ERK signaling pathways during L-LTP induction

    Nadiatou T Miningou Zobon et al.
    ERK activation during induction of long-term synaptic plasticity is enhanced by synergistic interactions among signaling pathways mediated by the synaptically located GTPase-activating protein, and each pathway contributes to different ERK temporal dynamics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shifting from fear to safety through deconditioning-update

    Bruno Popik et al.
    Deconditioning is a safe and efficient new approach to updating traumatic memories, in which fear memory is rewritten to a very low level in a long-lasting way.