2,021 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Maximally informative foraging by Caenorhabditis elegans

    Adam J Calhoun et al.
    C. elegans foraging efficiently approximate maximally informative search strategies that involve abrupt switching between different types of behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural pattern change during encoding of a narrative predicts retrospective duration estimates

    Olga Lositsky et al.
    Judgments of how much time elapsed between two events in a story are predicted by changes in fMRI activity patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Normative evidence accumulation in unpredictable environments

    Christopher M Glaze et al.
    Theoretically optimal dynamics for making decisions in unpredictable environments provide a broadly applicable framework for understanding choice behavior and underlying neural signals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual processing of informative multipoint correlations arises primarily in V2

    Yunguo Yu et al.
    Building on recent findings that central sensory processing allocates resources according to the informativeness of statistical features (Hermundstad et al., 2014), we identify visual area V2 as the site of the relevant computations for local image statistics, thus providing a common underpinning for diverse aspects of its neuronal selectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory cortex is optimized for prediction of future input

    Yosef Singer et al.
    Prediction of future input explains diverse neural tuning properties in sensory cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Variance predicts salience in central sensory processing

    Ann M Hermundstad et al.
    Psychophysical measures of human sensitivity to visual patterns reveal that the brain preferentially processes those features of stimuli that are more variable in the natural world.
    1. Neuroscience

    A resource-rational theory of set size effects in human visual working memory

    Ronald van den Berg, Wei Ji Ma
    Set size effects in visual working memory are explained as a resource-rational trade-off between an error-based behavioral cost and a neural encoding cost.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adaptive coding for dynamic sensory inference

    Wiktor F Młynarski, Ann M Hermundstad
    To make reliable but metabolically efficient perceptual inferences in a changing world, neural systems should dynamically adapt based on surprise and uncertainty about the sensory environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frontal cortex selects representations of the talker’s mouth to aid in speech perception

    Muge Ozker et al.
    During speech perception, if auditory speech is not informative the frontal cortex will enhance responses in visual regions that represent the mouth of the talker to improve perception.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Predicting effective microRNA target sites in mammalian mRNAs

    Vikram Agarwal et al.
    Many experimentally identified microRNA-binding sites are ineffective at mediating repression, and an improved quantitative model for predicting the effective sites is as informative as high-throughput experimental approaches.

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