3,797 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Maximally informative foraging by Caenorhabditis elegans

    Adam J Calhoun et al.
    C. elegans foraging efficiently approximate maximally informative search strategies that involve abrupt switching between different types of behaviors.
    1. Ecology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Education and Outreach: March Mammal Madness and the power of narrative in science outreach

    Katie Hinde et al.
    Hypothetical battles between animals can be used to interest the general public in biology.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Quantification of the pace of biological aging in humans through a blood test, the DunedinPoAm DNA methylation algorithm

    Daniel W Belsky et al.
    Methylation pace of aging is a novel measure requiring only a blood sample that clinical-trial and observational studies can use to test if treatments modify how fast participants are aging.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural pattern change during encoding of a narrative predicts retrospective duration estimates

    Olga Lositsky et al.
    Judgments of how much time elapsed between two events in a story are predicted by changes in fMRI activity patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Variance predicts salience in central sensory processing

    Ann M Hermundstad et al.
    Psychophysical measures of human sensitivity to visual patterns reveal that the brain preferentially processes those features of stimuli that are more variable in the natural world.
    1. Neuroscience

    Normative evidence accumulation in unpredictable environments

    Christopher M Glaze et al.
    Theoretically optimal dynamics for making decisions in unpredictable environments provide a broadly applicable framework for understanding choice behavior and underlying neural signals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual processing of informative multipoint correlations arises primarily in V2

    Yunguo Yu et al.
    Building on recent findings that central sensory processing allocates resources according to the informativeness of statistical features (Hermundstad et al., 2014), we identify visual area V2 as the site of the relevant computations for local image statistics, thus providing a common underpinning for diverse aspects of its neuronal selectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optimal policy for attention-modulated decisions explains human fixation behavior

    Anthony I Jang et al.
    A normative decision-making model that incorporates an information-limiting attention bottleneck is able to qualitatively replicate human behavior and make novel predictions that are verified in data.
    1. Neuroscience

    A resource-rational theory of set size effects in human visual working memory

    Ronald van den Berg, Wei Ji Ma
    Set size effects in visual working memory are explained as a resource-rational trade-off between an error-based behavioral cost and a neural encoding cost.
    1. Neuroscience

    Affective bias as a rational response to the statistics of rewards and punishments

    Erdem Pulcu, Michael Browning
    Humans adjust the degree to which they learn from positive relative to negative outcomes as a function of how informative they estimate those outcomes to be.

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