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    1. Neuroscience

    Computational mechanisms of curiosity and goal-directed exploration

    Philipp Schwartenbeck et al.
    Distinct computational levels of uncertainty compel agents to gain information about hidden states in the world (‘active inference’) or optimise their ‘world model’ as such (‘active learning’).
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory cortex is optimized for prediction of future input

    Yosef Singer et al.
    Prediction of future input explains diverse neural tuning properties in sensory cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Bayesian model of context-sensitive value attribution

    Francesco Rigoli et al.
    The dependence of incentive value attribution on the anticipation of rewards within a given context is explained via a normative Bayesian account of how rewards map to incentive values.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tuning movement for sensing in an uncertain world

    Chen Chen et al.
    Animals work in a world full of surprises, where using energy to position sensors proportional to the location's expected information avoids the pitfalls of positioning them at the information maxima.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Ancient DNA reveals the lost domestication history of South American camelids in Northern Chile and across the Andes

    Paloma Diaz-Maroto et al.
    aDNA revealed a model of domestication where an ancient guanaco population no longer exists, the loss of the ancient vicuña genetic variation in the modern populations, and frequently interbreeding practices.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Binocular rivalry reveals an out-of-equilibrium neural dynamics suited for decision-making

    Robin Cao et al.
    The statistics of binocular rivalry at different combinations of image contrast is reproduced quantitatively by competing out-of-equilibrium populations of independent neural assemblies with idealized attractor dynamics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Massive normalization of olfactory bulb output in mice with a 'monoclonal nose'

    Benjamin Roland et al.
    Inhibitory circuits in the olfactory bulb can amplify or suppress sensory inputs over a wide range of intensities to generate robust mitral cell output.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Decoding locomotion from population neural activity in moving C. elegans

    Kelsey M Hallinen et al.
    Neurons in the brain exhibit activity with various relations to locomotion and these signals are best decoded by combining activities from many neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interpreting wide-band neural activity using convolutional neural networks

    Markus Frey et al.
    A novel deep-learning framework shows how to interpret and decode raw neural recordings, avoiding the need for strong prior hypotheses, revealing a novel representation of head direction.
    1. Neuroscience

    A prediction model of working memory across health and psychiatric disease using whole-brain functional connectivity

    Masahiro Yamashita et al.
    Human neuroimaging and machine learning reveals a generalizable relationship between brain connectivity and working memory ability across healthy populations and distinct psychiatric diagnoses.