34 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Inference and control of the nosocomial transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

    Sen Pei et al.
    The asymptomatic colonization and importation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in hospital settings can be inferred from observed cases using combined model-inference methods and used to inform improved interventions.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genomic and healthcare dynamics of nosocomial SARS-CoV-2 transmission

    Jamie M Ellingford et al.
    Characterisation of SARS-CoV-2 genomic divergence in healthcare-associated outbreaks demonstrates that the inclusion of healthcare workers in contact networks identifies additional links in SARS-CoV-2 transmission pathways.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Superspreaders drive the largest outbreaks of hospital onset COVID-19 infections

    Christopher JR Illingworth et al.
    Outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in a hospital environment show evidence of superspreading, with 80% of infections caused by 21% of infected individuals.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rapid feedback on hospital onset SARS-CoV-2 infections combining epidemiological and sequencing data

    Oliver Stirrup et al.
    Epidemiological and viral sequence data can be combined to provide standardised feedback on cases of hospital onset COVID-19 infection that would be useful for infection prevention and control.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metapopulation ecology links antibiotic resistance, consumption, and patient transfers in a network of hospital wards

    Julie Teresa Shapiro et al.
    Patterns of antibiotic use and the connectivity between wards are independently associated with the incidence of antimicrobial-resistant infections in hospital networks.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Single-dose BNT162b2 vaccine protects against asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection

    Nick K Jones et al.
    A fourfold reduction in the rate of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection in healthcare workers ≥12 days after a single dose of BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech) has been found.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inter-species population dynamics enhance microbial horizontal gene transfer and spread of antibiotic resistance

    Robert M Cooper et al.
    Killing their neighbors allows bacteria to steal genes, including antibiotic resistance genes, which we observed under a microscope, quantified, modeled, and predicted potentially guiding strategies to combat it.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Systematic detection of horizontal gene transfer across genera among multidrug-resistant bacteria in a single hospital

    Daniel R Evans et al.
    Mobile genetic elements were identified and tracked as they exchanged between multidrug-resistant bacteria causing infections at a single hospital.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transmission dynamics and control of multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in neonates in a developing country

    Thomas Crellen et al.
    Colonisation with resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in a Cambodian neonatal unit is driven by person-to-person transmission, transmissibility varies by sequence type, and antibiotic consumption generally increases the risk of acquisition.

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