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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transmission dynamics and control of multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in neonates in a developing country

    Thomas Crellen et al.
    Colonisation with resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in a Cambodian neonatal unit is driven by person-to-person transmission, transmissibility varies by sequence type, and antibiotic consumption generally increases the risk of acquisition.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Preacinetobactin not acinetobactin is essential for iron uptake by the BauA transporter of the pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii

    Lucile Moynié et al.
    The pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii recognises preacinetobactin not acinetobactin, yet appears likely to translocate both compounds through a mixed complex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    RING finger E3 ligase PPP1R11 regulates TLR2 signaling and innate immunity

    Alison C McKelvey et al.
    Novel post-translational modification of pattern recognition receptor TLR2 has consequences in bacterial infection and inflammatory signaling.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell differentiation defines acute and chronic infection cell types in Staphylococcus aureus

    Juan-Carlos García-Betancur et al.
    During Staphylococcus aureus infections, bacterial cells bifurcate into distinct, specialized cell types that localize physically in different colonization tissues to simultaneously generate different infection types.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic insight into the conserved allosteric regulation of periplasmic proteolysis by the signaling molecule cyclic-di-GMP

    Debashree Chatterjee et al.
    Structure-function analyses reveal the mechanistic underpinnings of inside-out transmembrane signaling that controls periplasmic proteolysis, and thereby biofilm formation, in bacteria and may be relevant in the context of other signaling proteins with similar control elements.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Effect of helical kink in antimicrobial peptides on membrane pore formation

    Alzbeta Tuerkova et al.
    Proline/glycine kink in the helical peptides affects the peptide ability to form membrane pores by stabilising toroidal pore structures but disrupting barrel-stave pore structures.
    1. Cell Biology

    Integrin-based diffusion barrier separates membrane domains enabling the formation of microbiostatic frustrated phagosomes

    Michelle E Maxson et al.
    The diffusional barrier formed between phagocyte integrin and fungal glucans preserves the microbiostatic phagocytic environment generated during the frustrated phagocytosis of Candida albicans hypha.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Epidemiology and burden of multidrug-resistant bacterial infection in a developing country

    Cherry Lim et al.
    The burden of antimicrobial resistance in Thailand is deteriorating over time, and 19,122 deaths in the country in 2010 were excess deaths caused by multidrug-resistant bacterial infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Perforin-2 is essential for intracellular defense of parenchymal cells and phagocytes against pathogenic bacteria

    Ryan M McCormack et al.
    Perforin-2 deficiency is lethal upon infection with pathogenic bacteria despite the presence of other bactericidal effectors.