1,636 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Nonsense mRNA suppression via nonstop decay

    Joshua A Arribere, Andrew Z Fire
    Nonstop mRNA decay degrades mRNAs with a premature stop codon after such mRNAs are targeted by the nonsense-mediated decay machinery.
  1. Research: United States National Postdoc Survey results and the interaction of gender, career choice and mentor impact

    Sean C McConnell et al.
    The quality of mentoring received while a postdoc influences career choice irrespective of field, gender, or ethnicity, according to a 7,603-respondent postdoc survey.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Estimated effectiveness of symptom and risk screening to prevent the spread of COVID-19

    Katelyn Gostic et al.
    Even in the best-case scenario, screening for COVID-19 misses well over half of infected travellers.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HetL, HetR and PatS form a reaction-diffusion system to control pattern formation in the cyanobacterium nostoc PCC 7120

    Xiaomei Xu et al.
    Genetic, biochemistry and modeling approaches reveal elements of a Turing-type reaction-diffusion system to control pattern formation in differentiating cyanobacterial filaments.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Effectiveness of traveller screening for emerging pathogens is shaped by epidemiology and natural history of infection

    Katelyn M Gostic et al.
    Pathogen natural history, epidemiological knowledge, human behavior and epidemic progression determine whether symptom screening and questionnaires are effective barriers to geographic spread of infection by travelers.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Crohn’s disease polymorphism, ATG16L1 T300A, alters the gut microbiota and enhances the local Th1/Th17 response

    Sydney Lavoie et al.
    Gnotobiotic and conventional mouse models of the IBD ATG16L1T300A SNP reveal gene-microbiota-immune interactions.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-frequency stimulation-induced peptide release synchronizes arcuate kisspeptin neurons and excites GnRH neurons

    Jian Qiu et al.
    Kisspeptin neurons in the hypothalamus release peptide and amino acid neurotransmitters that work together to coordinate the activity of gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons and subsequent release of reproductive hormones.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Age-dependent electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns during sevoflurane general anesthesia in infants

    Laura Cornelissen et al.
    Alpha EEG oscillations emerge at 4 months of age during sevoflurane general anesthesia, and unlike in adults, have a widespread spatial distribution that likely reflects differences in brain development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-linear dimensionality reduction on extracellular waveforms reveals cell type diversity in premotor cortex

    Eric Kenji Lee et al.
    WaveMAP is a novel approach that combines nonlinear dimensionality reduction with graph clustering on extracellular waveforms to reveal previously obscured cell type diversity in monkey cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cue-inhibited ventrolateral periaqueductal gray neurons signal fear output and threat probability in male rats

    Kristina M Wright et al.
    Ventrolateral periaqueductal gray neurons signal fear output through patterned inhibition of neural activity.

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