6,194 results found
  1. Point of View: How should novelty be valued in science?

    Barak A Cohen
    An over-emphasis on novelty is having detrimental effects on science.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary emergence of Hairless as a novel component of the Notch signaling pathway

    Steven W Miller et al.
    Hairless emerged as an evolutionarily novel regulatory protein that replaced an ancestral paradigm of direct co-repressor recruitment by Suppressor of Hairless, its partner transcription factor in the Notch signaling pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Opposite initialization to novel cues in dopamine signaling in ventral and posterior striatum in mice

    William Menegas et al.
    Dopamine novelty signals are localized in the posterior tail of the striatum along with general salience signals, while dopamine in the ventral striatum reliably encodes reward prediction error.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The structure of a LAIR1-containing human antibody reveals a novel mechanism of antigen recognition

    Fu-Lien Hsieh, Matthew K Higgins
    The structure of a human antibody in which the variable loops position a human protein LAIR1 for antigen recognition, reveals a novel and indirect mode of antibody function.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microfluidic-based mini-metagenomics enables discovery of novel microbial lineages from complex environmental samples

    Feiqiao Brian Yu et al.
    Microfluidic-based mini-metagenomics enables the investigation of environmental microbial communities in high-throughput and with single-cell resolution, facilitating genome binning and quantification of function, abundance, and genome variation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin-mediated social enrichment promotes longer telomeres and novelty seeking

    Jamshid Faraji et al.
    Social enrichment supports longevity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel acidification mechanism for greatly enhanced oxygen supply to the fish retina

    Christian Damsgaard et al.
    A novel mode of oxygen delivery facilitated the adaptive evolution of vision in teleost fishes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary expansion of apical extracellular matrix is required for the elongation of cells in a novel structure

    Sarah Jacquelyn Smith et al.
    A new morphological structure evolved through extreme changes in cell height requires novel connections to an extracellular matrix network, which predates the origin of structure.

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