2,282 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Transcriptome maps of general eukaryotic RNA degradation factors

    Salma Sohrabi-Jahromi et al.
    Mapping of 30 general RNA degradation factors onto the yeast transcriptome provides the global distribution of factors for RNA turnover and surveillance in a eukaryotic cell.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Quality control of transcription start site selection by nonsense-mediated-mRNA decay

    Christophe Malabat et al.
    RNA polymerase II generates numerous transcript isoforms, including transcripts initiating downstream of the START codon, that are efficiently degraded by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A mechanism for hunchback promoters to readout morphogenetic positional information in less than a minute

    Jonathan Desponds et al.
    Maternal positional information in the fly embryo can be read rapidly in spite of the gene-expression bottleneck and general examples of regulatory architectures that combine speed and accuracy are provided.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatial organization shapes the turnover of a bacterial transcriptome

    Jeffrey R Moffitt et al.
    Transcriptome-scale RNA imaging and lifetime measurements reveal that the E. coli transcriptome is spatially organized and that this organization modulates the post-transcriptional fate of bacterial mRNAs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    YTH-RNA-binding protein prevents deleterious expression of meiotic proteins by tethering their mRNAs to nuclear foci

    Yuichi Shichino et al.
    A YTH-domain protein Mmi1 prevents deleterious expression of meiotic proteins by tethering their mRNAs to nuclear foci.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Multiple kinases inhibit origin licensing and helicase activation to ensure reductive cell division during meiosis

    David V Phizicky et al.
    Meiotic cells inhibit two distinct steps of replisome assembly with multiple kinases to prevent DNA replication between Meiosis I and Meiosis II.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    HP1α is a chromatin crosslinker that controls nuclear and mitotic chromosome mechanics

    Amy R Strom et al.
    Micromanipulation experiments demonstrate that HP1α strengthens interphase and mitotic chromosome mechanics and maintains nuclear shape by chromatin crosslinking, separate from histone methylation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cytoplasmic mRNA decay represses RNA polymerase II transcription during early apoptosis

    Christopher Duncan-Lewis et al.
    Human cells respond to cytoplasmic mRNA depletion during early apoptosis by inhibiting RNA polymerase II transcription, thereby magnifying the gene expression shutdown during stress.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatial control of translation repression and polarized growth by conserved NDR kinase Orb6 and RNA-binding protein Sts5

    Illyce Nuñez et al.
    NDR kinase Orb6 prevents RNP granule assembly and translational repression by promoting Sts5 association with 14-3-3 protein Rad24 to spatially control polarized cell growth.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural characterization of NrnC identifies unifying features of dinucleotidases

    Justin D Lormand et al.
    Dinucleotidases, specialized enzymes that catalyze the final step in RNA degradation, have evolved independently and repeatedly to fulfill essential roles in cell growth.

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