3,087 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Sexual dimorphism in trait variability and its eco-evolutionary and statistical implications

    Susanne RK Zajitschek et al.
    Sex differences in trait variability imply that both sexes should be included in biomedical trials, using sex-specific statistical power calculations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A physical mechanism of TANGO1-mediated bulky cargo export

    Ishier Raote et al.
    TANGO1 functions as a linactant filament to stabilize shallow COPII-coated buds, and after which membrane tension regulation, possibly mediated by TANGO1-controlled membrane fusion, facilitates bud elongation for procollagen export.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    16p11.2 microdeletion imparts transcriptional alterations in human iPSC-derived models of early neural development

    Julien G Roth et al.
    A model of in vitro human corticogenesis identifies alterations in gene expression caused by loss of 16p11.2 CNV genes in hiPSC-derived progenitor cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Inter-membrane association of the Sec and BAM translocons for bacterial outer-membrane biogenesis

    Sara Alvira et al.
    The protein translocation apparatus of the inner- (Sec) and outer-membrane (BAM) interact to form a trans-periplasmic super-complex capable of long-range, PMF-dependent conformational changes to facilitate efficient outer-membrane protein maturation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Opposing JAK-STAT and Wnt signaling gradients define a stem cell domain by regulating differentiation at two borders

    David Melamed, Daniel Kalderon
    Graded Wnt and JAK-STAT signals regulate the division rate, AP location and differentiation of Drosophila ovarian follicle stem cells to define a domain of stem cells maintained by population asymmetry.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for SARM1 inhibition and activation under energetic stress

    Michael Sporny et al.
    Cryo-EM shows that the NADase activity of SARM1 is allosterically inhibited by physiological concentrations of NAD+ that stabilizes an auto-inhibited conformation of SARM1, explaining how NAD+ depletion may inflict neurodegeneration.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    High neural activity accelerates the decline of cognitive plasticity with age in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Qiaochu Li et al.
    Chronic excitation of the Caenorhabditis elegans oxygen-sensing neurons alters calcium homeostasis to accelerate the decline of neural plasticity with age.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Talin-activated vinculin interacts with branched actin networks to initiate bundles

    Rajaa Boujemaa-Paterski et al.
    At adhesion sites, talin-activated vinculin promotes interactions with the actin network that initiates bundles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Social dominance mediates behavioral adaptation to chronic stress in a sex-specific manner

    Stoyo Karamihalev et al.
    Social dominance has opposing effects on behavior following stress in male vs. female mice indicating an important role in sex differences in the stress response.

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