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3,527 results found
    1. Plant Biology

    Proximity labeling of protein complexes and cell-type-specific organellar proteomes in Arabidopsis enabled by TurboID

    Andrea Mair et al.
    Proximity-labeling using engineered biotin ligases TurboID and miniTurbo enables detection of cell-type-specific and low abundance protein complexes and subcellular proteomes in Arabidopsis and other plants.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Homozygous YME1L1 mutation causes mitochondriopathy with optic atrophy and mitochondrial network fragmentation

    Bianca Hartmann et al.
    Mutations affecting a nuclear encoded metalloprotease cause of a new form of mitochondriopathy, highlighting the importance of this protease for mitochondrial function in humans.
    1. Cell Biology

    A nuclear-based quality control pathway for non-imported mitochondrial proteins

    Viplendra PS Shakya et al.
    During times of mitochondrial impairment, non-imported mitochondrial precursor proteins are targeted to the nucleus for proteasome-dependent degradation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Deep transcriptome annotation enables the discovery and functional characterization of cryptic small proteins

    Sondos Samandi et al.
    Conventional annotations of coding sequences have missed thousands of short open-reading frames encoding proteins that are conserved and with specific functions.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Herbivory-induced volatiles function as defenses increasing fitness of the native plant Nicotiana attenuata in nature

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    A 2-year field study has demonstrated that volatile compounds produced by plants when they are attacked by herbivores act as defenses by attracting predators to the herbivores and increasing the reproduction of the plants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Distinct transcriptional responses elicited by unfolded nuclear or cytoplasmic protein in mammalian cells

    Yusuke Miyazaki et al.
    A new unfolded protein response has been discovered that is distinct from the heat shock response and protects mammalian cells from proteotoxic stress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteasome storage granules protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation upon carbon starvation

    Richard S Marshall, Richard D Vierstra
    Proteasomes are protected from autophagic elimination upon carbon starvation by sequestration into cytoplasmic storage granules, which aid cell fitness by providing a cache of proteasomes that can be rapidly remobilized when carbon availability improves.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Wss1 metalloprotease partners with Cdc48/Doa1 in processing genotoxic SUMO conjugates

    Maxim Y Balakirev et al.
    Wss1 is both a metalloprotease and SUMO ligase found in association with Cdc48 and Doa1 and accumulating in the vacuole upon DNA damage.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Quantitative time-resolved analysis reveals intricate, differential regulation of standard- and immuno-proteasomes

    Juliane Liepe et al.
    Experimental and computational analyses reveal how proteasomal hydrolysis is regulated and show that peptide transport is the rate-limiting step and the main differentiating factor between human standard- and immuno-proteasomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Characterisation of the biflavonoid hinokiflavone as a pre-mRNA splicing modulator that inhibits SENP

    Andrea Pawellek et al.
    Hinokiflavone is identified as a splicing modulator that blocks progression from spliceosome complex A to complex B and inhibits SUMO protease SENP1, causing hyper-SUMOylation affecting 6 U2 snRNP proteins.

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