3,349 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-inducible factor cell non-autonomously regulates C. elegans stress responses and behavior via a nuclear receptor

    Corinne L Pender, H Robert Horvitz
    The hypoxia-inducible factor HIF drives transcription of the gene cyp-36A1, which encodes a cytochrome P450 enzyme that acts via a putative intercellular signal to regulate the nuclear receptor NHR-46 and consequently stress resistance and behavior.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A physical model describing the interaction of nuclear transport receptors with FG nucleoporin domain assemblies

    Raphael Zahn et al.
    A homopolymer-sphere model is shown to accurately reproduce the interactions that underpin selective gating of macromolecular transport into and out of the cell nucleus.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nuclear receptor LRH-1/NR5A2 is required and targetable for liver endoplasmic reticulum stress resolution

    Jennifer L Mamrosh et al.
    LRH-1/NR5A2 responds to ER stress by inducing a novel pathway that is required for stress resolution in mice and can be targeted by LRH-1 agonists.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Drosophila HNF4 nuclear receptor promotes glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and mitochondrial function in adults

    William E Barry, Carl S Thummel
    Drosophila HNF4 directs a developmental switch at the onset of adulthood that suppresses diabetes by promoting mitochondrial function and supporting glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Opposing roles of nuclear receptor HNF4α isoforms in colitis and colitis-associated colon cancer

    Karthikeyani Chellappa et al.
    Proper gut health depends on the balance between two naturally occurring variants of a transcription factor in the colon.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cooperative cobinding of synthetic and natural ligands to the nuclear receptor PPARγ

    Jinsai Shang et al.
    Synthetic PPARγ ligands push and cobind with natural endogenous ligands, instead of compete and displace, which synergistically affects the structure and function of PPARγ.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Scaffold nucleoporins Nup188 and Nup192 share structural and functional properties with nuclear transport receptors

    Kasper R Andersen et al.
    Components of the nuclear pore complex share structural and functional features with soluble nuclear transport receptors, which suggests that there may be an evolutionary relationship between these two types of protein.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The export receptor Crm1 forms a dimer to promote nuclear export of HIV RNA

    David S Booth et al.
    The nuclear export receptor Crm1 cooperatively binds its HIV Rev-RRE cargo as a dimer using a species-specific interface that supports viral replication by enhancing nuclear export of HIV RNA.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    LRP1 integrates murine macrophage cholesterol homeostasis and inflammatory responses in atherosclerosis

    Xunde Xian et al.
    Tyrosine phosphorylation of the intracellular domain of LRP1 serves as a molecular switch to regulate cellular cholesterol homeostasis through nuclear hormone receptor-mediated regulation of the cellular cholesterol exporter ABCA1.

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