1,996 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A minimal self-organisation model of the Golgi apparatus

    Quentin Vagne et al.
    An unbiased model for the self-organisation of the Golgi apparatus displays either anterograde vesicular transport or cisternal maturation depending on ratios of budding, fusion and biochemical conversion rates.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A druggable secretory protein maturase of Toxoplasma essential for invasion and egress

    Sunil Kumar Dogga et al.
    An aspartyl protease is essential for the lytic cycle of Toxoplasma gondii and is involved in the maturation of proteins critical for invasion and egress, and it can be targeted selectively with an ethylamine scaffold based peptidomimetic inhibitor.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Single molecule microscopy reveals key physical features of repair foci in living cells

    Judith Miné-Hattab et al.
    Upon DNA damage, Rad52 forms a membraneless sub-compartment where Rad52 molecules are highly dynamic and share properties with liquid-liquid phase-separated molecules, reflecting the existence of a liquid droplet around damaged DNA.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Human ORC/MCM density is low in active genes and correlates with replication time but does not delimit initiation zones

    Nina Kirstein et al.
    Replication origins are established throughout the genome with the exception of transcribed genes, and the local chromatin composition likely modulates the density of ORC and MCM as well as origin activation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Opposing roles of nuclear receptor HNF4α isoforms in colitis and colitis-associated colon cancer

    Karthikeyani Chellappa et al.
    Proper gut health depends on the balance between two naturally occurring variants of a transcription factor in the colon.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    An evidence based hypothesis on the existence of two pathways of mitochondrial crista formation

    Max E Harner et al.
    Lamellar and tubular cristae in mitochondria form by two different molecular pathways that form both involve F1FO-ATP synthase dimers and the MICOS complex, but formation of lamellar cristae also relies on Mgm1/Opa1.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Functional synergy between the Munc13 C-terminal C1 and C2 domains

    Xiaoxia Liu et al.
    Munc13 C-terminal domains synergize to coordinate synaptic vesicle docking, priming and fusion.
    1. Neuroscience

    TrpML-mediated astrocyte microdomain Ca2+ transients regulate astrocyte–tracheal interactions

    Zhiguo Ma, Marc R Freeman
    Astrocyte microdomain calcium transients are mediated by TrpML, stimulated by ROS and tyramine, and mediate astrocyte–tracheal interactions in CNS gas exchange.
    1. Neuroscience

    The effects of chloride dynamics on substantia nigra pars reticulata responses to pallidal and striatal inputs

    Ryan S Phillips et al.
    The effects of chloride homeostasis can explain diverse responses of basal ganglia output neurons to putatively inhibitory inputs and may tune these neurons' synchrony, oscillations and behavior in decision-making scenarios.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential accumulation of storage bodies with aging defines discrete subsets of microglia in the healthy brain

    Jeremy Carlos Burns et al.
    Two novel subsets of microglia identified by their unique autofluorescence profiles differ in their subcellular organization, proteomic signatures and in their response to aging and lysosomal dysfunction.

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