1,492 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Retinoic acid signaling is directly activated in cardiomyocytes and protects mouse hearts from apoptosis after myocardial infarction

    Fabio Da Silva et al.
    Lineage tracing and genetic experiments resolve a long-standing controversy by showing that retinoic acid signaling is active in cardiomyocytes, both during development and after myocardial infarction, and protects damaged hearts from apoptosis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multiscale analysis reveals that diet-dependent midgut plasticity emerges from alterations in both stem cell niche coupling and enterocyte size

    Alessandro Bonfini et al.
    The nutrient composition of food alters both the size of gut epithelial cells and the ability of the stem cell niche to control tissue turnover, resulting in changes in size at the organ level.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Relationships between community composition, productivity and invasion resistance in semi-natural bacterial microcosms

    Matt Lloyd Jones et al.
    Resident members of natural bacterial communities limit the growth of non-resident bacteria primarily by increasing overall community growth.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    An XRCC4 mutant mouse, a model for human X4 syndrome, reveals interplays with Xlf, PAXX, and ATM in lymphoid development

    Benoit Roch et al.
    A viable separation of function XRCC4 knock-in mutant mouse model recapitulates some aspects of XRCC4 deficiency in humans, notably the absence of immune deficiency.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The transcription factor Xrp1 is required for PERK-mediated antioxidant gene induction in Drosophila

    Brian Brown et al.
    The transcription factor Xrp1 mediates a previously unrecognized branch of stress-response signaling, specifically as a downstream effector of eIF2alpha kinases.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The LRRK2 G2019S mutation alters astrocyte-to-neuron communication via extracellular vesicles and induces neuron atrophy in a human iPSC-derived model of Parkinson’s disease

    Aurelie de Rus Jacquet et al.
    Extracellular vesicles are proposed as novel, non-cell-autonomous mediators of neuronal atrophy in Parkinson's disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    HspB8 prevents aberrant phase transitions of FUS by chaperoning its folded RNA-binding domain

    Edgar E Boczek et al.
    Quantitative time-resolved crosslinking mass spectrometry is developed to monitor protein interactions and dynamics inside molecular condensates and used to identify misfolding of the RNA-binding domain of FUS as a key driver of condensate-aging.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Ecology

    Secondary metabolites of Hülle cells mediate protection of fungal reproductive and overwintering structures against fungivorous animals

    Li Liu et al.
    Xanthones produced by the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans protect its sexual structures from predation by arthropods.
    1. Ecology

    A beta-glucosidase of an insect herbivore determines both toxicity and deterrence of a dandelion defense metabolite

    Meret Huber et al.
    An insect digestive enzyme metabolizes a plant defense compound and thereby modulates herbivore performance and host plant choice, which in turn may alter plant defense evolution in nature.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    MACF1 controls skeletal muscle function through the microtubule-dependent localization of extra-synaptic myonuclei and mitochondria biogenesis

    Alireza Ghasemizadeh et al.
    Maintenance of peripheral myonuclei patterning in skeletal myofibers is dependent on the regulation of microtubules dynamic and nuclei motion and is essential for proper neuromuscular junction integrity and mitochondria homeostasis.

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