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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cooperative cobinding of synthetic and natural ligands to the nuclear receptor PPARγ

    Jinsai Shang et al.
    Synthetic PPARγ ligands push and cobind with natural endogenous ligands, instead of compete and displace, which synergistically affects the structure and function of PPARγ.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the chromatin remodelling enzyme Chd1 bound to a ubiquitinylated nucleosome

    Ramasubramanian Sundaramoorthy et al.
    The unwrapping two turns of DNA on Chd1-bound nucleosomes cause the histone H3 tail and ubiquitin to be re-positioned.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Tudor SND1 protein is an m6A RNA reader essential for replication of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus

    Belinda Baquero-Perez et al.
    SND1 has m6A-reading ability and is essential for Kaposi's sarcoma-associated lytic replication.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Structural reorganization of the chromatin remodeling enzyme Chd1 upon engagement with nucleosomes

    Ramasubramanian Sundaramoorthy et al.
    Structural models of the chromatin remodeling enzyme Chd1 in solution and when bound to chromatin indicate that conformational changes to both the enzyme and the nucleosome occur upon nucleotide dependent engagement.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Genetic interactions of G-quadruplexes in humans

    Katherine G Zyner et al.
    For the first time, the spectrum of genes and pathways interacting with alternative DNA structures called G-quadruplexes in humans is revealed highlighting new possibilities for the pursuit of cancer therapies.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Identification of protein-protected mRNA fragments and structured excised intron RNAs in human plasma by TGIRT-seq peak calling

    Jun Yao et al.
    Human plasma contains protein-protected mRNA fragments, myriad repeat RNAs, and novel intron RNAs, including a family of structured full-length excised introns, some corresponding to mirtron pre-miRNAs and agotrons.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of completion of peptidyltransferase centre assembly in eukaryotes

    Vasileios Kargas et al.
    Cryo-EM reveals how the central functional site of the ribosome is assembled and provides a framework to interpret the consequences of mutations linked to leukaemia-associated ribosomopathies.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A nuclease- and bisulfite-based strategy captures strand-specific R-loops genome-wide

    Phillip Wulfridge, Kavitha Sarma
    BisMapR reveals strand-specific R-loops with high resolution at small-scale genomic features including bidirectionally transcribed promoters and enhancers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of RNA polymerase bound to ribosomal 30S subunit

    Gabriel Demo et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of the 30S*RNAP complex visualize co-localization of the transcription and translation machineries and provide insights into the transcription-translation synchrony, which coordinates gene expression in bacteria.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of nucleoside and nucleoside drug selectivity by concentrative nucleoside transporters

    Zachary Lee Johnson et al.
    Studies of the substrate selectivity of concentrative nucleoside transporters provide proof of principle for structure-based improvement of drug delivery by these transporters.