2,816 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the chromatin remodelling enzyme Chd1 bound to a ubiquitinylated nucleosome

    Ramasubramanian Sundaramoorthy et al.
    The unwrapping two turns of DNA on Chd1-bound nucleosomes cause the histone H3 tail and ubiquitin to be re-positioned.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CTCF confers local nucleosome resiliency after DNA replication and during mitosis

    Nick Owens et al.
    In contrast to other transcription factors, CTCF and Esrrb rapidly regain binding after replication and remain bound to their targets during mitosis, preserving local nucleosome organization throughout the cell cycle.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Moderate nucleotide diversity in the Atlantic herring is associated with a low mutation rate

    Chungang Feng et al.
    The Atlantic herring has the lowest mutation rate yet estimated in a vertebrate species and this partially explains its moderate nucleotide diversity given the large population size.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis FORGETTER1 mediates stress-induced chromatin memory through nucleosome remodeling

    Krzysztof Brzezinka et al.
    Environmentally-mediated gene induction is extended beyond the duration of an external cue by sustaining a nucleosome-depleted chromatin structure.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The nucleosome DNA entry-exit site is important for transcription termination and prevention of pervasive transcription

    A Elizabeth Hildreth et al.
    Disruption of the nucleosome DNA entry-exit site causes readthrough transcription of terminators, decreased nucleosome occupancy, and pervasive noncoding transcription, demonstrating this nucleosomal region protects the genome against inappropriate transcription.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A computational approach to map nucleosome positions and alternative chromatin states with base pair resolution

    Xu Zhou et al.
    Computational analysis of MNase-seq data reveals that alternatively positioned nucleosomes are prevalent in both yeast and human cells and create significant heterogeneity within cell populations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of remodeler-nucleosome intermediates suggest allosteric control through the nucleosome

    Jean Paul Armache et al.
    Cryo-EM structures capture different conformational states of chromatin remodeler-nucleosome complexes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High-resolution and high-accuracy topographic and transcriptional maps of the nucleosome barrier

    Zhijie Chen et al.
    Direct observation of RNA Polymerase II transcription through a single nucleosome at near basepair resolution suggests a mechanism for selective control of gene expression.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Glucose inhibits cardiac muscle maturation through nucleotide biosynthesis

    Haruko Nakano et al.
    During cardiogenesis, the major role of glucose is not the catabolic extraction of energy but the anabolic biosynthesis of nucleotides.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Human cytomegalovirus IE1 protein alters the higher-order chromatin structure by targeting the acidic patch of the nucleosome

    Qianglin Fang et al.
    Distinct binding of viral proteins to the same region on the nucleosome surface can result in contrasting changes to higher-order chromatin structure in the host cell.

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