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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Nucleosome breathing and remodeling constrain CRISPR-Cas9 function

    R Stefan Isaac et al.
    The inhibitory influence of nucleosomes on CRISPR-Cas9 is mitigated by nucleosomal DNA breathing and chromatin remodeling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Single-molecule imaging of chromatin remodelers reveals role of ATPase in promoting fast kinetics of target search and dissociation from chromatin

    Jee Min Kim et al.
    Chromatin remodeling enzymes perform target search by utilizing ATP-binding and hydrolysis to facilitate 1D-diffusion on and rapid detachment from chromatin in living yeast.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    In vivo analysis reveals that ATP-hydrolysis couples remodeling to SWI/SNF release from chromatin

    Ben C Tilly et al.
    Visualization of BRM remodelers engaging their endogenous genomic targets revealed highly transient and dynamic interactions with chromatin, which are fueled by ATP-hydrolysis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide dynamics of Pol II elongation and its interplay with promoter proximal pausing, chromatin, and exons

    Iris Jonkers et al.
    The elongation rate of RNA Polymerase II varies greatly between and along genes, as this enzyme accelerates from stable pausing to rapid elongation within genes, and is influenced by CG-content, exons and chromatin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Establishment of regions of genomic activity during the Drosophila maternal to zygotic transition

    Xiao-Yong Li et al.
    Drosophila melanogaster embryos undergo a dramatic genomic transformation in the hour preceding gastrulation, as thousands of promoters and regulatory regions become biochemically distinct before they become active.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Reconstitution reveals two paths of force transmission through the kinetochore

    Grace E Hamilton et al.
    Two components of the inner kinetochore (OA and Mif2) are independently capable of transmitting physiologically relevant forces to a centromeric nucleosome.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High-resolution and high-accuracy topographic and transcriptional maps of the nucleosome barrier

    Zhijie Chen et al.
    Direct observation of RNA Polymerase II transcription through a single nucleosome at near basepair resolution suggests a mechanism for selective control of gene expression.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of cation binding in the active sites of P-loop nucleoside triphosphatases in relation to the basic catalytic mechanism

    Daria N Shalaeva et al.
    In potassium-dependent NTPases, insertion of the activating potassium ion into the active site leads to rotation of the gamma-phosphate yielding a near-eclipsed, catalytically productive conformation of the triphosphate chain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    VivosX, a disulfide crosslinking method to capture site-specific, protein-protein interactions in yeast and human cells

    Chitra Mohan et al.
    An in vivo disulfide crosslinking assay shows preferential disassembly of nucleosomes with two H2A.Z histones by transcription machinery in yeast and conjugation to one or two ubiquitin moieties in human cells.