2,418 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    An unexpected role for the yeast nucleotide exchange factor Sil1 as a reductant acting on the molecular chaperone BiP

    Kevin D Siegenthaler et al.
    Building on previous work (Wang et al., 2014), it is shown that the nucleotide exchange factor of the chaperone BiP (Sil1) unexpectedly facilitates the reduction of oxidized BiP.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Auto-regulation of Rab5 GEF activity in Rabex5 by allosteric structural changes, catalytic core dynamics and ubiquitin binding

    Janelle Lauer et al.
    Understanding the complex auto-regulatory mechanisms for guanine nucleotide exchange factors is critically important for fully appreciating the layers of control for small GTPases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Histidine pH sensor regulates activation of the Ras-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor RasGRP1

    Yvonne Vercoulen et al.
    The Ras activator RasGRP1 that impacts Ras signals in immune cells, leukemias, and colorectal cancer, switches to an active conformation aided by a pH-sensitive histidine residue in a central location of the RasGRP1 molecule.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A G-protein activation cascade from Arl13B to Arl3 and implications for ciliary targeting of lipidated proteins

    Katja Gotthardt et al.
    The ciliary G-protein Arl13B – which is often mutated in Joubert syndrome – is the Guanine nucleotide exchange factor for the G-protein Arl3 and exclusively localizes to cilia.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural analysis of autoinhibition in the Ras-specific exchange factor RasGRP1

    Jeffrey S Iwig et al.
    A key activator of Ras signaling adopts an autoinhibited, dimeric conformation that is activated by membrane and calcium binding.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The Rho-guanine nucleotide exchange factor PDZ-RhoGEF governs susceptibility to diet-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes

    Ying-Ju Chang et al.
    PDZ-RhoGEF controls adipose tissue abundance and whole body metabolism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ric-8A, a G protein chaperone with nucleotide exchange activity induces long-range secondary structure changes in Gα

    Ravi Kant et al.
    Hydrogen-Deuterium exchange experiments show that Ric-8A induces similar dynamic changes in the structure of Gα as G protein-coupled receptors, yet protects a larger surface of the nucleotide-binding Ras domain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Diversity and plasticity in Rab GTPase nucleotide release mechanism has consequences for Rab activation and inactivation

    Lars Langemeyer et al.
    Analysis of multiple guanine exchange factors shows that Rab activation can occur via a number of mechanistically distinct GDP-release pathways.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cytoplasmic protein misfolding titrates Hsp70 to activate nuclear Hsf1

    Anna E Masser et al.
    Hsp70 restricts DNA binding activity of Hsf1 to control the width and amplitude of the heat-shock regulon.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural model for differential cap maturation at growing microtubule ends

    Juan Estévez-Gallego et al.
    The tubulin GTPase cycle structurally modulates the microtubule cap, causing lattice expansion, which is an intermediate state involved in phosphate release and regulatory signaling.

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