713 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Nutritional control of body size through FoxO-Ultraspiracle mediated ecdysone biosynthesis

    Takashi Koyama et al.
    In Drosophila melanogaster, nutrition controls body size by acting through the Forkhead Box class O (FoxO)/Ultraspiracle complex to regulate nutrition-sensitive ecdysone biosynthesis, thereby controlling the switch to stop growth.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Effects of water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on telomere length among children in a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh

    Audrie Lin et al.
    In a randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, an intensive, combined water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutrition intervention delivered to compounds of newborn children increased telomere length attrition during their first year of life.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Sex-specific transcriptomic responses to changes in the nutritional environment

    M Florencia Camus et al.
    Male and female Drosophila share core metabolic responses to different nutritional environments, but show opposing patterns of nutrient-dependent reproductive regulation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone H3 threonine 11 phosphorylation by Sch9 and CK2 regulates chronological lifespan by controlling the nutritional stress response

    Seunghee Oh et al.
    Histone H3T11 phosphorylation regulates chronological lifespan by linking nutritional stress-response signals to chromatin.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microbiota functional activity biosensors for characterizing nutrient metabolism in vivo

    Darryl A Wesener et al.
    A method has been developed to characterize the expressed biochemical activities of gut microbial communities using retrievable, microscopic, fluorescent-labeled glass beads containing chemically bound surface biomolecules.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modulation of sleep-courtship balance by nutritional status in Drosophila

    José M Duhart et al.
    The sleep-courtship balance in Drosophila males is modulated by yeast/protein availability, and dopaminergic neurons projecting to the protocerebral bridge act downstream of courtship-regulating neurons for male sleep regulation.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Hidden shift of the ionome of plants exposed to elevated CO2 depletes minerals at the base of human nutrition

    Irakli Loladze
    Increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide reduce the mineral content but increase the levels of starch and sugars found in crop plants; which could exacerbate both obesity and malnutrition in some human populations.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    A century of trends in adult human height

    NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC)
    Height in early adulthood is an indicator that integrates across different dimensions of sustainable human development with links to health and longevity, nutrition, education and economic productivity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Serotonin signaling mediates protein valuation and aging

    Jennifer Ro et al.
    Serotonin modulates diet-dependent lifespan in flies.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Individual crop loads provide local control for collective food intake in ant colonies

    Efrat Esther Greenwald et al.
    Colony satiation level determines the unloading rate of laden foragers, which, in turn, rely on their own food load to adjust their foraging effort.

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