450 results found
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Herbivory-induced volatiles function as defenses increasing fitness of the native plant Nicotiana attenuata in nature

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    A 2-year field study has demonstrated that volatile compounds produced by plants when they are attacked by herbivores act as defenses by attracting predators to the herbivores and increasing the reproduction of the plants.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global divergence in critical income for adult and childhood survival: analyses of mortality using Michaelis–Menten

    Ryan J Hum et al.
    A mathematical model based on enzyme kinetics shows how the relationships between life expectancy, survival rates for children and adults, and national income change over time.
    1. Neuroscience

    Recognition of familiar food activates feeding via an endocrine serotonin signal in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Bo-mi Song et al.
    The nematode worm C. elegans consumes familiar bacterial species more rapidly than it does novel ones, and this preference for familiarity is mediated by a pair of serotonergic neurons.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Sugar is an endogenous cue for juvenile-to-adult phase transition in plants

    Sha Yu et al.
    Sugar levels in leaves act as a signal for plants to switch from their juvenile to their adult form by regulating the expression of two genes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Sugar promotes vegetative phase change in Arabidopsis thaliana by repressing the expression of MIR156A and MIR156C

    Li Yang et al.
    Sugar levels in leaves act as a signal for plants to switch from their juvenile to their adult form by regulating the expression of two genes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Improved use of a public good selects for the evolution of undifferentiated multicellularity

    John H Koschwanez et al.
    The ability to share resources for the benefit of all members of a group may have driven ancient organisms to evolve from a unicellular to a multicellular state.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A novel sphingolipid-TORC1 pathway critically promotes postembryonic development in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Huanhu Zhu et al.
    A lipid acts to promote the development of nematode worm larvae through activation of an enzyme complex called TORC1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Fluorescent sensors reporting the activity of ammonium transceptors in live cells

    Roberto De Michele et al.
    A modified form of Green Fluorescent Protein integrated into an ammonium transporter provides a sensor that can be used to monitor transport activity in vivo.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Nutrient restriction enhances the proliferative potential of cells lacking the tumor suppressor PTEN in mitotic tissues

    Katarzyna Nowak et al.
    Nutrient limitation elicits differential responses in cells lacking the tumor suppressor PTEN and in normal cells, resulting in hyperplastic overgrowth of PTEN mutant tissue independent of additional mutations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The insulin receptor cellular IRES confers resistance to eIF4A inhibition

    Calla M Olson et al.
    Utilizing a conserved mechanism, a ribosome can initiate translation from a site within the insulin receptor mRNA to maintain protein synthesis even when standard mechanisms of initiating translation have been inhibited by stress.

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