435 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Insulin regulates POMC neuronal plasticity to control glucose metabolism

    Garron T Dodd et al.
    Feeding and fasting associated alterations in proopiomelanocortin neuronal responses to insulin coordinate glucose metabolism.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Nutritional control of body size through FoxO-Ultraspiracle mediated ecdysone biosynthesis

    Takashi Koyama et al.
    In Drosophila melanogaster, nutrition controls body size by acting through the Forkhead Box class O (FoxO)/Ultraspiracle complex to regulate nutrition-sensitive ecdysone biosynthesis, thereby controlling the switch to stop growth.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multiscale analysis reveals that diet-dependent midgut plasticity emerges from alterations in both stem cell niche coupling and enterocyte size

    Alessandro Bonfini et al.
    The nutrient composition of food alters both the size of gut epithelial cells and the ability of the stem cell niche to control tissue turnover, resulting in changes in size at the organ level.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Female-biased upregulation of insulin pathway activity mediates the sex difference in Drosophila body size plasticity

    Jason W Millington et al.
    The ability to adjust body size in response to diet is greater in Drosophila females than males because of a sex difference in the nutrient-dependent regulation of the insulin pathway.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cell-cycle quiescence maintains Caenorhabditis elegans germline stem cells independent of GLP-1/Notch

    Hannah S Seidel, Judith Kimble
    C. elegans germline stem cells become quiescent under starved conditions, and this quiescence maintains the stem cell state even in the absence of GLP-1/Notch signaling, which is otherwise essential for stem cell maintenance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Insulin signaling controls neurotransmission via the 4eBP-dependent modification of the exocytotic machinery

    Rebekah Elizabeth Mahoney et al.
    By regulating protein translation within the neuron, insulin signaling can control neuronal activity by altering the release of neurotransmitter molecules.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Drosophila serotonin 2A receptor signaling coordinates central metabolic processes to modulate aging in response to nutrient choice

    Yang Lyu et al.
    Dietary choice per se is sufficient to modulate aging in Drosophila and through serotonergic control of peripheral metabolism.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Serotonin signaling mediates protein valuation and aging

    Jennifer Ro et al.
    Serotonin modulates diet-dependent lifespan in flies.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Methionine restriction breaks obligatory coupling of cell proliferation and death by an oncogene Src in Drosophila

    Hiroshi Nishida et al.
    Src, an oncogene, promotes both cell proliferation and cell death simultaneously, which can be regulated by dietary methionine.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Nutrient restriction enhances the proliferative potential of cells lacking the tumor suppressor PTEN in mitotic tissues

    Katarzyna Nowak et al.
    Nutrient limitation elicits differential responses in cells lacking the tumor suppressor PTEN and in normal cells, resulting in hyperplastic overgrowth of PTEN mutant tissue independent of additional mutations.

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