192 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric communication in DNA polymerase clamp loaders relies on a critical hydrogen-bonded junction

    Subu Subramanian et al.
    Deep mutagenesis of a clamp-loader complex reveals a critical hydrogen-bonded junction that is important for allosteric communication in oligomeric AAA+ ATPases.
    1. Cell Biology

    SARS-CoV-2 requires cholesterol for viral entry and pathological syncytia formation

    David W Sanders et al.
    A high-throughput microscopy screen for drugs that modulate SARS-CoV-2 spike-mediated membrane fusion identifies an essential role for cholesterol in both virus entry and syncytia formation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Proteomic and transcriptomic profiling reveal different aspects of aging in the kidney

    Yuka Takemon et al.
    mRNA profiling alone provides an incomplete picture of molecular aging and examination of changes in proteins is essential to understand aging processes that are not transcriptionally regulated.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A spontaneous genetically induced epiallele at a retrotransposon shapes host genome function

    Tessa M Bertozzi et al.
    A retrotransposon-derived recombination event in inbred mice gives rise to an epiallele and tissue-specific phenotypes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Disparate bone anabolic cues activate bone formation by regulating the rapid lysosomal degradation of sclerostin protein

    Nicole R Gould et al.
    Mechanical loading and the bone anabolic action of parathyroid hormone result in rapid, lysosomal degradation of sclerostin protein, revealing physiologically important post-translational control of this critical regulator of bone formation.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architecture and structural dynamics of the heteromeric GluK2/K5 kainate receptor

    Nandish Khanra et al.
    Structures of the GluK2/K5 kainate receptor reveal the heteromer architecture and how the receptor organizes in apo, antagonist-bound, and desensitized states.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Reprogramming of translation in yeast cells impaired for ribosome recycling favors short, efficiently translated mRNAs

    Swati Gaikwad et al.
    A mutant impaired for ribosome recycling exhibits translational reprogramming wherein strong mRNAs outcompete weak mRNAs, also observed when preinitiation complexes are diminished by eIF2α phosphorylation or 40S ribosomal subunit depletion.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Proximity proteomics in a marine diatom reveals a putative cell surface-to-chloroplast iron trafficking pathway

    Jernej Turnšek et al.
    An iron-sensitive gene cluster encodes proteins that co-localize with phytotransferrin endosomes and are involved in key intracellular iron transformation and trafficking processes in a model marine diatom.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Anti-ferroptotic mechanism of IL4i1-mediated amino acid metabolism

    Leonie Zeitler et al.
    IL4i1 is an amino acid oxidase expressed in the mammalian immune system and snake venoms, which control diametrically opposite cell protection versus cell death pathways, respectively.
    1. Neuroscience

    Endoglycan plays a role in axon guidance by modulating cell adhesion

    Thomas Baeriswyl et al.
    Endoglycan fine-tunes the interaction between guidance molecules and surface receptors during axon guidance and cell migration.

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