192 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synergy and remarkable specificity of antimicrobial peptides in vivo using a systematic knockout approach

    Mark Austin Hanson et al.
    While antimicrobial cocktails are highly effective for defence against pathogenic microbes, the innate immune response may instead employ highly specific peptidic antibiotics to combat certain natural enemies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed genome editing of the omega-1 ribonuclease of the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni

    Wannaporn Ittiprasert et al.
    Gene knock-out of the omega-1 ribonuclease of Schistosoma mansoni eggs resulted in immunologically impaired phenotype, showcasing the novel application of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and utility for functional genomics in schistosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Enhanced ER proteostasis and temperature differentially impact the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin

    Angela M Phillips et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum proteostasis factors enhance the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin, a model secretory pathway protein and therapeutic target, particularly improving the fitness of temperature-sensitive variants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Small molecule proteostasis regulators that reprogram the ER to reduce extracellular protein aggregation

    Lars Plate et al.
    Small molecule proteostasis regulators that activate the unfolded protein response transcription factor ATF6 reduce the secretion of amyloid disease-associated proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Proteolytic maturation of α2δ represents a checkpoint for activation and neuronal trafficking of latent calcium channels

    Ivan Kadurin et al.
    Multiple roles of the auxiliary calcium channel α2δ subunits require proteolytic cleavage of the precursor protein into α2 and δ.
    1. Cell Biology

    GnT1IP-L specifically inhibits MGAT1 in the Golgi via its luminal domain

    Hung-Hsiang Huang et al.
    GnT1IP-L is a membrane bound glycoprotein that interacts with MGAT1 in the Golgi, but not in the endoplasmic reticulum, to regulate complex N-glycan synthesis.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architecture and structural dynamics of the heteromeric GluK2/K5 kainate receptor

    Nandish Khanra et al.
    Structures of the GluK2/K5 kainate receptor reveal the heteromer architecture and how the receptor organizes in apo, antagonist-bound, and desensitized states.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Heterogeneity of proteome dynamics between connective tissue phases of adult tendon

    Howard Choi et al.
    Metabolic labelling reveals complex proteome dynamics in tendon, with faster turnover of proteins in the glycoprotein-rich interfascicular matrix compared to the collagen-rich fascicular matrix.
    1. Cell Biology

    EDEM2 stably disulfide-bonded to TXNDC11 catalyzes the first mannose trimming step in mammalian glycoprotein ERAD

    Ginto George et al.
    EDEM2 containing mannosidase homology domain functions as an initiator of endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation of misfolded glycoproteins by conversion of Man9GlcNAc2 to Man8GlcNAc2, only when complexed with TXNDC11 containing thioredoxin-like domains.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of pharmacochaperoning in a mammalian KATP channel revealed by cryo-EM

    Gregory M Martin et al.
    Diverse KATP channel inhibitors occupy a common binding pocket and stabilize an interaction between Kir6.2 and SUR1 to allosterically control gating and promote the assembly and trafficking of nascent channels.

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