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    1. Neuroscience

    Endoglycan plays a role in axon guidance by modulating cell adhesion

    Thomas Baeriswyl et al.
    Endoglycan fine-tunes the interaction between guidance molecules and surface receptors during axon guidance and cell migration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Heparan sulfates are critical regulators of the inhibitory megakaryocyte-platelet receptor G6b-B

    Timo Vögtle et al.
    Heparan sulfates in the vessel wall bind and regulate signaling from the megakaryocyte/platelet-specific inhibitory receptor G6b-B, a critical regulator of platelet homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Glycolysis and glutaminolysis cooperatively control T cell function by limiting metabolite supply to N-glycosylation

    Lindsey Araujo et al.
    Metabolic switches between oxidative phosphorylation and aerobic glycolysis plus glutaminolysis direct T cell function by altering the flux of glucose and glutamine to N-glycosylation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    MPI depletion enhances O-GlcNAcylation of p53 and suppresses the Warburg effect

    Nataly Shtraizent et al.
    Mannose phosphate isomerase is a metabolic enzyme regulating cell survival in both embryonic and cancer cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    3D in situ imaging of the female reproductive tract reveals molecular signatures of fertilizing spermatozoa in mice

    Lukas Ded et al.
    Fertilizing mouse spermatozoa, characterized by intact CatSper channels, lack of protein tyrosine phosphorylation, and reacted acrosomes, in the female reproductive tract provide molecular insight into sperm selection for successful fertilization.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 viral entry upon blocking N- and O-glycan elaboration

    Qi Yang et al.
    A critical role for glycosylation on viral entry and methods to use this knowledge to reduce SARS-CoV-2 infectivity has been demonstrated.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Inhibitor of ppGalNAc-T3-mediated O-glycosylation blocks cancer cell invasiveness and lowers FGF23 levels

    Lina Song, Adam D Linstedt
    The first inhibitor identified against an iso-enzyme that initiates O-glycosylation in the Golgi complex promises new therapeutic approaches for cancer and chronic kidney disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    The sterol-responsive RNF145 E3 ubiquitin ligase mediates the degradation of HMG-CoA reductase together with gp78 and Hrd1

    Sam A Menzies et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 genome-wide screens using sterol-sensitive endogenous HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) reporter identify the sterol-responsive RNF145 and gp78 as independently responsible for sterol-accelerated degradation of HMGCR, the rate-limiting enzyme of cholesterol biosynthesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cells suppress medullary granulopoiesis by an extracellular glycosylation-dependent mechanism

    Eric E Irons et al.
    B cells regulate production of neutrophils by a novel mechanism by releasing ST6Gal-1, an active sialyltransferase, that suppresses granulopoiesis.
    1. Cell Biology

    ERK8 is a negative regulator of O-GalNAc glycosylation and cell migration

    Joanne Chia et al.
    The ERK8 kinase blocks the export of glycosyl-tranferases from the Golgi to the endoplasmic reticulum, and thus subsequent O-glycosylation of proteins that otherwise enhance cell motility and tissue invasion.