153 results found
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Hedgehog signaling via Gli2 prevents obesity induced by high-fat diet in adult mice

    Yu Shi, Fanxin Long
    Targeted activation of Hedgehog signalling via Gli2 facilitated the reduction of high-fat-diet-induced obesity and improvement of whole-body glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adult mice.
    1. Cell Biology

    Inflammation produces catecholamine resistance in obesity via activation of PDE3B by the protein kinases IKKε and TBK1

    Jonathan Mowers et al.
    Reduced energy expenditure in obesity may result from reduced sensitivity to sympathetic activation due to inflammation-generated signals in adipose tissue.
    1. Cell Biology

    Epigenetics: How does obesity lead to insulin resistance?

    Chan Hee J Choi, Paul Cohen
    Experiments on mice show that an enzyme called DNA methyltransferase 3a is involved in insulin resistance via an epigenetic mechanism.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Defective STIM-mediated store operated Ca2+ entry in hepatocytes leads to metabolic dysfunction in obesity

    Ana Paula Arruda et al.
    Store operated calcium entry is defective in hepatocytes of obese mice, and restoring this process is sufficient to improve glucose metabolism.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Adipocyte ALK7 links nutrient overload to catecholamine resistance in obesity

    Tingqing Guo et al.
    The ALK7 receptor functions cell-autonomously and homeostatically in adult adipocytes to regulate catecholamine sensitivity in response to the diet.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    The Rho-guanine nucleotide exchange factor PDZ-RhoGEF governs susceptibility to diet-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes

    Ying-Ju Chang et al.
    PDZ-RhoGEF controls adipose tissue abundance and whole body metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural Circuits: Decoding obesity in the brainstem

    Jonathan Cedernaes, Joseph Bass
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    1. Neuroscience

    Energy imbalance alters Ca2+ handling and excitability of POMC neurons

    Lars Paeger et al.
    The development of diet-dependent obesity results in the deterioration of calcium homeostasis in pro-opiomelanocortin-expressing neurons and impaired function of the same neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Human biallelic MFN2 mutations induce mitochondrial dysfunction, upper body adipose hyperplasia, and suppression of leptin expression

    Nuno Rocha et al.
    Specific human mitofusin 2 mutations induce selective upper body obesity with suppressed leptin expression and severe adipose mitochondrial dysfunction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurosecretory protein GL stimulates food intake, de novo lipogenesis, and onset of obesity

    Eiko Iwakoshi-Ukena et al.
    Neurosecretory protein GL, a previously unknown mammalian neuropeptide, is a novel hypothalamic factor which regulates feeding behavior and peripheral lipogenesis in animals.

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