An unbiased model for the self-organisation of the Golgi apparatus displays either anterograde vesicular transport or cisternal maturation depending on ratios of budding, fusion and biochemical conversion rates.
The synaptic structure in mouse V1 is explained by a synergy of homeostatic plasticity in incoming and outgoing synapses of inhibitory interneurons, establishing a stimulus-specific balance of excitation and inhibition.
Teaching signals from "tutor" brain areas should be adapted to the plasticity mechanisms in "student" areas to achieve efficient learning in two-stage systems such as the vocal control circuit of the songbird.
A fast spiking interneuron sub-type in medial and lateral prefrontal cortex fires and gamma-synchronizes prominently during adaptive learning of reward values when outcomes are uncertain and choice options have similar values.
A very large number of place-field maps can be robustly learned by association of external cues with the grid-driven response, however plasticity in the grid-cell inputs renders the place-cell responses volatile.