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    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    16p11.2 microdeletion imparts transcriptional alterations in human iPSC-derived models of early neural development

    Julien G Roth et al.
    A model of in vitro human corticogenesis identifies alterations in gene expression caused by loss of 16p11.2 CNV genes in hiPSC-derived progenitor cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Inter-membrane association of the Sec and BAM translocons for bacterial outer-membrane biogenesis

    Sara Alvira et al.
    The protein translocation apparatus of the inner- (Sec) and outer-membrane (BAM) interact to form a trans-periplasmic super-complex capable of long-range, PMF-dependent conformational changes to facilitate efficient outer-membrane protein maturation.
    1. Cell Biology

    ACE2: Evidence of role as entry receptor for SARS-CoV-2 and implications in comorbidities

    Natalia Zamorano Cuervo, Nathalie Grandvaux
    Despite evidence that ACE2 is the receptor for SARS-CoV-2, its limited expression in the respiratory system challenges the uniqueness of this entry route and role in the multifaceted COVID-19.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Multiplexed measurement of variant abundance and activity reveals VKOR topology, active site and human variant impact

    Melissa A Chiasson et al.
    Human vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKOR) has a four transmembrane domain topology that supports the use of a homology model, enabling identification of active site residues and human variant impact.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Tetramerisation of the CRISPR ring nuclease Crn3/Csx3 facilitates cyclic oligoadenylate cleavage

    Januka S Athukoralage et al.
    A widespread ribonuclease is a CRISPR-associated ring nuclease with a highly unusual cooperative mechanism involving tetramerisation of the enzyme.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Lin28a/let-7 pathway modulates the Hox code via Polycomb regulation during axial patterning in vertebrates

    Tempei Sato et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal that the loss of Lin28a causes axial shortening with mild skeletal transformations via decreased PRC1 at Hox genes, establishing a new pathway in the “Hox code.”.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine
    3. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    COVID-19: A Collection of Articles

    Edited by Diane M Harper et al.
    eLife has published the following articles on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Inter-domain dynamics drive cholesterol transport by NPC1 and NPC1L1 proteins

    Piyali Saha et al.
    Molecular analysis of cholesterol transport by NPC1 and NPC1L1 proteins reveals that cholesterol likely moves through these transporters, and ezetimibe blocks NPC1L1 by binding at the interface between multiple domains.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) by the numbers

    Yinon M Bar-On et al.
    Key numbers about the biology of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and the infection of a single human host by the virus have been compiled from the peer-reviewed literature.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and physiological function of the human KCNQ1 channel voltage sensor intermediate state

    Keenan C Taylor et al.
    The intermediate state conformation of the human KCNQ1 potassium channel voltage sensor domain was determined, validated, and shown to be conductive under physiological conditions.