309 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Categorical representation from sound and sight in the ventral occipito-temporal cortex of sighted and blind

    Stefania Mattioni et al.
    The categorical organization of the ventral occipito-temporal cortex, typically thought to be a visual region, is actually partially independent of visual input and even visual experience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal populations in the occipital cortex of the blind synchronize to the temporal dynamics of speech

    Markus Johannes Van Ackeren et al.
    Blind people re-purpose the brain's visual areas for tracking speech rhythm.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fine-scale computations for adaptive processing in the human brain

    Elisa Zamboni et al.
    Laminar fMRI reveals that adaptive processing involves recurrent processing within visual cortex and top-down influences from posterior parietal cortex via feedback.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociable roles of the inferior longitudinal fasciculus and fornix in face and place perception

    Carl J Hodgetts et al.
    Structure-function associations in medial temporal lobe reflect specialised, behaviourally-relevant neurocognitive circuits for the perception of faces and places.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local axonal morphology guides the topography of interneuron myelination in mouse and human neocortex

    Jeffrey Stedehouder et al.
    The joint combination of interbranch distance and local caliber is sufficient to predict with high accuracy the distribution of myelin internodes along individual axons of neocortical GABAergic interneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABA, not BOLD, reveals dissociable learning-dependent plasticity mechanisms in the human brain

    Polytimi Frangou et al.
    Combining GABA with fMRI measurements in the human brain uncovers distinct suppression mechanisms that optimize perceptual decisions through learning and experience-dependent plasticity in the visual cortex.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    The bottom-up and top-down processing of faces in the human occipitotemporal cortex

    Xiaoxu Fan et al.
    Both bottom-up and top-down processing are involved in the occipital-temporal face network, with the top-down modulation more extensively engaged when available information is sparse in the face images.
    1. Neuroscience

    Default mode-visual network hypoconnectivity in an autism subtype with pronounced social visual engagement difficulties

    Michael V Lombardo et al.
    Functional hypoconnectivity between ‘social brain’ default mode circuitry and visual association cortex underpins a subtype of autistic toddlers with a strong preference to attend to the non-social visual world.
    1. Neuroscience

    DMT alters cortical travelling waves

    Andrea Alamia et al.
    Psychedelics induce a pattern of cortical activity very similar to the one observed during visual perception, despite participants had shut eyes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noninvasive quantification of axon radii using diffusion MRI

    Jelle Veraart et al.
    Cell-specific architectural properties such as the axon diameter of the white matter of the human brain can be quantified accurately and non-invasively using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging.

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