136 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Contrasting roles for parvalbumin-expressing inhibitory neurons in two forms of adult visual cortical plasticity

    Eitan S Kaplan et al.
    Parvalbumin-containing inhibitory neurons are crucial for expression of plasticity in adult visual cortex that supports visual recognition memory, but not for expression of ocular dominance plasticity that results from monocular deprivation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pull-push neuromodulation of cortical plasticity enables rapid bi-directional shifts in ocular dominance

    Su Z Hong et al.
    Neuromodulation of the expression of Hebbian plasticity enables rapid cortical sensory-induced remodeling in post-critical period adults, and can rescue deficits induced by prolonged sensory deprivation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Light reintroduction after dark exposure reactivates plasticity in adults via perisynaptic activation of MMP-9

    Sachiko Murase et al.
    Light reintroduction (LRx) after dark exposure reactivates structural and functional plasticity in the adult mouse visual cortex by increasing the activity of MMP-9 at thalamo-cortical synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory experience modifies feature map relationships in visual cortex

    Shaun L Cloherty et al.
    A new form of brain plasticity extends the known limits for how much early sensory input can alter the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rem2 stabilizes intrinsic excitability and spontaneous firing in visual circuits

    Anna R Moore et al.
    In vivo and ex vivo analysis of the activity-regulated gene Rem2 in the mouse visual system sheds new light on the contribution of intrinsic excitability in circuit plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Response to short-term deprivation of the human adult visual cortex measured with 7T BOLD

    Paola Binda et al.
    Two hour deprivation of vision in one eye transiently boosts the representation of the deprived eye (suppressing the non-deprived eye) in adult human V1 and along the ventral pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Correction of amblyopia in cats and mice after the critical period

    Ming-fai Fong et al.
    Visual impairment caused by monocular deprivation early in life can be reversed rapidly at older ages by temporarily blocking all activity in the non-deprived eye.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cortical disinhibitory circuit for enhancing adult plasticity

    Yu Fu et al.
    Building on previous work (Kaneko and Stryker, 2014), we report that the specific population of inhibitory neurons that increases the responses of neurons in the visual cortex during locomotion will also, when activated or blocked artificially, dramatically alter adult cortical plasticity, revealing that the aerobic exercise of locomotion is not necessary.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adaptation of spontaneous activity in the developing visual cortex

    Marina E Wosniack et al.
    To generate stable and robust connectivity refinements, the amplitude of spontaneous activity events in the developing visual cortex adapts to the recent history of cortical activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optimal level activity of matrix metalloproteinases is critical for adult visual plasticity in the healthy and stroke-affected brain

    Justyna Pielecka-Fortuna et al.
    Matrix metalloproteinases play a crucial role in adult visual plasticity in the brains of healthy and stroke-affected mice and their activity has to be within a narrow window for experience-induced plasticity to occur.

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