445 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Antagonism in olfactory receptor neurons and its implications for the perception of odor mixtures

    Gautam Reddy et al.
    Computational and theoretical analyses offer novel and unexpected insight into how complex, naturally occurring odor mixtures are parsed and normalized at the very first stage of olfaction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglial depletion disrupts normal functional development of adult-born neurons in the olfactory bulb

    Jenelle Wallace et al.
    Adult-born neurons in the olfactory bulb that develop in the absence of microglia have a higher density of small spines but weaker excitatory inputs and reduced responses to sensory stimuli.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    On the dimensionality of odor space

    Markus Meister
    A recent claim that humans can discriminate 1 trillion odors is found to be unwarranted, and further analysis offers insights into the dimensionality of olfactory perception.
    1. Neuroscience

    The contribution of temporal coding to odor coding and odor perception in humans

    Ofer Perl et al.
    Human participants fail to discriminate between odor sequences that activate the same neurons at different orders, pointing against a substantial role for neuron activation time in the odor code.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Inhibition of mTORC1 by ER stress impairs neonatal β-cell expansion and predisposes to diabetes in the Akita mouse

    Yael Riahi et al.
    mTORC1 inhibition by perinatal ER stress induces beta-cell growth arrest with subsequent development of diabetes.
    1. Ecology

    The cuticular hydrocarbon profiles of honey bee workers develop via a socially-modulated innate process

    Cassondra L Vernier et al.
    Chemical nestmate recognition in honey bee colonies depends on an innate, socially modulated developmental process.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Feeding state-dependent regulation of developmental plasticity via CaMKI and neuroendocrine signaling

    Scott J Neal et al.
    CaMKI and neuroendocrine signaling integrate information about food status to regulate a developmental decision in C. elegans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Species-specific modulation of food-search behavior by respiration and chemosensation in Drosophila larvae

    Daeyeon Kim et al.
    In naturalistic conditions, larvae of the Drosophila group exhibit species-specific strategies to search for food resources through a primitive form of risk-taking behavior that is controlled by a tradeoff between exploitation and odor-driven exploration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct protocerebral neuropils associated with attractive and aversive female-produced odorants in the male moth brain

    Jonas Hansen Kymre et al.
    Electrophysiological and morphological identification of individual pheromone projection neurons in male moth reveals a coding system for optimizing mate search strategy, including computation of three female-produced signals in distinct protocerebral regions.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The olfactory critical period is determined by activity-dependent Sema7A/PlxnC1 signaling within glomeruli

    Nobuko Inoue et al.
    The critical period in the mouse olfactory system is defined by activity-dependent synapse formation induced by Semaphorin7A/PlexinC1 signaling in the neonatal glomeruli.

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