287 results found
  1. Group of raised hands

    Episode 61: October 2019

    In this episode we hear about parents passing on new mutations, a genetic mystery 100 years in the making, the experiences of early-career group leaders, and more.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kinetic mechanism of coupled binding in sodium-aspartate symporter GltPh

    SeCheol Oh, Olga Boudker
    Sodium ions control the rates of both substrate binding and dissociation of an archaeal homologue of glutamate transporters in a manner that minimizes binding intermediates and maximizes transport efficiency.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computational prediction of CTCF/cohesin-based intra-TAD loops that insulate chromatin contacts and gene expression in mouse liver

    Bryan J Matthews, David J Waxman
    Certain types of 3D chromatin loops are easy to predict from existing or easily obtainable 2D information, which benefits gene expression studies in tissues/cells/organisms without extensive pre-existing 3D information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Astrocyte morphology is confined by cortical functional boundaries in mammals ranging from mice to human

    Raya Eilam et al.
    The structural morphology of astrocyte processes is constrained by functional boundaries in the mouse, rat and human cortex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism of activation-triggered subunit exchange in Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II

    Moitrayee Bhattacharyya et al.
    Closed-ring and open-spiral assembly of the multi-subunit neuronal kinase CaMKII suggest a mechanism for how active subunits shuttle between individual assemblies, propagating stimulatory signals.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Place recognition using batlike sonar

    Dieter Vanderelst et al.
    Echolocating bats may recognize locations in the environment (and navigate to them) by remembering the specific echo signature of those locations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structural elucidation of a novel mechanism for the bacteriophage-based inhibition of the RNA degradosome

    An Van den Bossche et al.
    A bacteriophage remodels the RNA metabolism machinery of a bacterial host to sequentially clear host transcripts and then stabilize the viral RNA.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Further support for aneuploidy tolerance in wild yeast and effects of dosage compensation on gene copy-number evolution

    Audrey P Gasch et al.
    Many natural isolates of budding yeast carry extra chromosome copies and show lower-than-expected expression at a subset of amplified genes, which show unique evolutionary signatures.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of a decade of successful antiretroviral therapy initiated at HIV-1 seroconversion on blood and rectal reservoirs

    Eva Malatinkova et al.
    An early start to long-term antiretroviral therapy limits the size of the HIV-1 reservoir more effectively than treatment that starts later.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Herbivory-induced volatiles function as defenses increasing fitness of the native plant Nicotiana attenuata in nature

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    A 2-year field study has demonstrated that volatile compounds produced by plants when they are attacked by herbivores act as defenses by attracting predators to the herbivores and increasing the reproduction of the plants.

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