71 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    Repurposing of KLF5 activates a cell cycle signature during the progression from a precursor state to oesophageal adenocarcinoma

    Connor Rogerson et al.
    Genome-wide redistribution of KLF5 binding leads to activation of a cell cycle gene expression programme and proliferation control in oesophageal cancer.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TP53 exon-6 truncating mutations produce separation of function isoforms with pro-tumorigenic functions

    Nitin H Shirole et al.
    Genetic and molecular analysis of TP53 exon-6 truncating mutations reveal that these mutations, contrary to current belief, promote tumorigenesis and point towards strategies for treating cancers driven by these prevalent mutations.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Supervised mutational signatures for obesity and other tissue-specific etiological factors in cancer

    Bahman Afsari et al.
    A supervised methodology for mutational signatures outperforms the current standard unsupervised approach revealing new tissue-dependent mutational signatures among which some for obesity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coupling between fast and slow oscillator circuits in Cancer borealis is temperature-compensated

    Daniel Powell et al.
    The mechanism that couples two rhythmic circuits is maintained over a large temperature range although both circuits are temperature-sensitive.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Measuring the distribution of fitness effects in somatic evolution by combining clonal dynamics with dN/dS ratios

    Marc J Williams et al.
    Measurement of the distribution of fitness effects of new mutations arising in human oesophagus and skin, via new mathematical theory linking dn/ds values and fitness coefficients.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Delineating the early transcriptional specification of the mammalian trachea and esophagus

    Akela Kuwahara et al.
    Tracheal and esophageal fate specification underlies human structural anomalies, multiple cancers, and human pluripotent stem cell approaches for generating respiratory and esophageal cell types for tissue engineering.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Use of signals of positive and negative selection to distinguish cancer genes and passenger genes

    László Bányai et al.
    In contrast with earlier conclusions, negative selection has a major role in cancer evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Peptidoglycan-dependent NF-κB activation in a small subset of brain octopaminergic neurons controls female oviposition

    Ambra Masuzzo et al.
    The universal bacteria cell wall component peptidoglycan impacts the egg-laying behavior of infected Drosophila females by directly modulating the activity of few brain octopaminergic neurons.
    1. Cancer Biology

    NRG1 is a critical regulator of differentiation in TP63-driven squamous cell carcinoma

    Ganapati V Hegde et al.
    TP63 regulates NRG1 in squamous cell cancers, and targeting of NRG1 induces cancer cell differentiation thereby NRG1 is a potential therapeutic target in squamous cell cancers.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Toll-receptor map underlies structural brain plasticity

    Guiyi Li et al.
    Structural brain plasticity is encoded in the topographic distribution of Toll receptors and their ability to switch between alternative signalling outcomes, thus translating diverse sensory experience into structural change.

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