99 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Species-specific modulation of food-search behavior by respiration and chemosensation in Drosophila larvae

    Daeyeon Kim et al.
    In naturalistic conditions, larvae of the Drosophila group exhibit species-specific strategies to search for food resources through a primitive form of risk-taking behavior that is controlled by a tradeoff between exploitation and odor-driven exploration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mild myelin disruption elicits early alteration in behavior and proliferation in the subventricular zone

    Elizabeth A Gould et al.
    Mild myelin disruption leads to early axonal pathology, a novel pathological response in neural stem cells, regionally increased oligodendrocytes and altered behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Elementary sensory-motor transformations underlying olfactory navigation in walking fruit-flies

    Efrén Álvarez-Salvado et al.
    A high-throughput behavioral paradigm and computational modeling are used to decompose olfactory navigation in walking Drosophila melanogaster into a set of quantitative relationships between sensory input and motor output.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parallel encoding of sensory history and behavioral preference during Caenorhabditis elegans olfactory learning

    Christine E Cho et al.
    Odor conditioning induces two changes in olfactory neurons: non-associative sensory adaptation to odor history, and associative, bidirectional changes in behavioral output that are oppositely regulated in aversive and appetitive learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional integration of a serotonergic neuron in the Drosophila antennal lobe

    Xiaonan Zhang, Quentin Gaudry
    Serotonergic cells innervating the Drosophila antennal lobe are inhibited by odors and modulate olfactory responses in conjunction with the entire serotonergic network.
    1. Neuroscience

    The number of olfactory stimuli that humans can discriminate is still unknown

    Richard C Gerkin, Jason B Castro
    The recent claim that humans can discriminate more than one trillion odors is shown to be unwarranted.
    1. Neuroscience

    A transformation from temporal to ensemble coding in a model of piriform cortex

    Merav Stern et al.
    A spiking network model that examines the transformation of odor information from olfactory bulb to piriform cortex demonstrates how intrinsic cortical circuitry preserves representations of odor identity across odorant concentrations.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Olfactory receptor neurons use gain control and complementary kinetics to encode intermittent odorant stimuli

    Srinivas Gorur-Shandilya et al.
    Olfactory receptor neurons adapt to odorant mean and variance and use complementary kinetics to preserve the timing of odorant encounters, despite adaptation slowing down transduction.
    1. Neuroscience

    The wiring diagram of a glomerular olfactory system

    Matthew E Berck et al.
    The complete neural circuit map of a tractable olfactory system will support studies towards bridging the gap between circuits and behavior.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    On the dimensionality of odor space

    Markus Meister
    A recent claim that humans can discriminate 1 trillion odors is found to be unwarranted, and further analysis offers insights into the dimensionality of olfactory perception.

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