82 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporally specific engagement of distinct neuronal circuits regulating olfactory habituation in Drosophila

    Ourania Semelidou et al.
    Habituation to brief olfactory stimulation is biphasic and mediated by distinct neuronal circuits where an initial latency phase is rapidly followed by stimulus devaluation signifying behavioral habituation in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    A virtual burrow assay for head–fixed mice measures habituation, discrimination, exploration and avoidance without training

    Andrew JP Fink et al.
    A naturalistic assay for head-fixed mice permits observation of a diverse set of innate and learned behaviors without requiring any training.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The olfactory critical period is determined by activity-dependent Sema7A/PlxnC1 signaling within glomeruli

    Nobuko Inoue et al.
    The critical period in the mouse olfactory system is defined by activity-dependent synapse formation induced by Semaphorin7A/PlexinC1 signaling in the neonatal glomeruli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Opposite regulation of inhibition by adult-born granule cells during implicit versus explicit olfactory learning

    Nathalie Mandairon et al.
    While both implicit and explicit learning augment neurogenesis, adult-born cells differ in their morphology, functional coupling and inhibitory action impacting differentially the olfactory bulb output.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Continuous lateral oscillations as a core mechanism for taxis in Drosophila larvae

    Antoine Wystrach et al.
    Analysis of crawling Drosophila larva and agent based simulations suggest that an intrinsic rhythm rather than distinct actions underlie taxis behaviour, providing a core mechanism on which both sensory and memory pathways can converge.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different types of theta rhythmicity are induced by social and fearful stimuli in a network associated with social memory

    Alex Tendler, Shlomo Wagner
    Variations in the frequency of theta brain waves enable a single network of brain regions to generate appropriate responses to stimuli with different kinds of emotional value.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles for innexin gap junctions and hemichannels in mechanosensation

    Denise S Walker, William R Schafer
    The innexin protein UNC-7, a homologue of vertebrate pannexins, plays a specific, gap junction-independent role in C. elegans mechanosensation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM channels mediate learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention

    Adam Filipowicz et al.
    Behavioral assays using Caenorhabditis elegans show that a learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention requires specific chemosensory neurons and TRPM channels in the intestine and excretory cell.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mushroom body output neurons encode valence and guide memory-based action selection in Drosophila

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    Output neurons in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain encode the positive or negative survival value of stimuli, enabling insects to choose adaptive approach and avoidance behaviors through associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acquisition of innate odor preference depends on spontaneous and experiential activities during critical period

    Qiang Qiu et al.
    A delicate balance of neural activity is required during critical period in establishing innate odor preference.

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