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    1. Neuroscience

    Specialized areas for value updating and goal selection in the primate orbitofrontal cortex

    Elisabeth A Murray et al.
    Within the monkey orbitofrontal cortex, a posterior part learns new values, whereas an anterior part translates this knowledge into advantageous decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensorimotor pathway controlling stopping behavior during chemotaxis in the Drosophila melanogaster larva

    Ibrahim Tastekin et al.
    The reconstruction of a sensorimotor pathway from the olfactory-sensory neurons down to the pre-motor system reveals a descending neuron that plays a critical role in the organization of larval chemotaxis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    TRex, a fast multi-animal tracking system with markerless identification, and 2D estimation of posture and visual fields

    Tristan Walter, Iain D Couzin
    Being fast, memory efficient, easy to use, and with powerful integrated tools, TRex will lower barriers of entry into, and enable more ambitious approaches to, the quantitative study of behavior.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The olfactory critical period is determined by activity-dependent Sema7A/PlxnC1 signaling within glomeruli

    Nobuko Inoue et al.
    The critical period in the mouse olfactory system is defined by activity-dependent synapse formation induced by Semaphorin7A/PlexinC1 signaling in the neonatal glomeruli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early life adversity decreases pre-adolescent fear expression by accelerating amygdala PV cell development

    Gabriela Manzano Nieves et al.
    Early life adversity (ELA) accelerated PV+ interneuron development in BLA and delayed the ability of pre-adolescent mice to express, but not form, an auditory conditioned fear memory in childhood.
    1. Neuroscience

    An arbitrary-spectrum spatial visual stimulator for vision research

    Katrin Franke et al.
    Towards a community effort, we here present a flexible yet standardised visual stimulator design based on open hardware and software.
    1. Neuroscience

    Opposite regulation of inhibition by adult-born granule cells during implicit versus explicit olfactory learning

    Nathalie Mandairon et al.
    While both implicit and explicit learning augment neurogenesis, adult-born cells differ in their morphology, functional coupling and inhibitory action impacting differentially the olfactory bulb output.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of sleep homeostasis by sexual arousal

    Esteban J Beckwith et al.
    Sexual arousal, exposure to aphrodisiac pheromones, or mere activation of peripheral pheromone-sensing neurons can modulate sleep homeostasis and are able to counteract the effects of sleep deprivation in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell type-specific long-range connections of basal forebrain circuit

    Johnny Phong Do et al.
    Whole-brain mapping of the basal forebrain circuits reveals a connection diagram with highly convergent inputs and divergent outputs.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic substrate identification indicates a central role for the metalloprotease ADAM10 in axon targeting and synapse function

    Peer-Hendrik Kuhn et al.
    The metalloprotease ADAM10 modulates axon and synapse function by cleaving numerous synaptic and axonal membrane proteins in the central nervous system.