696 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Uncovering a ‘sensitive window’ of multisensory and motor neuroplasticity in the cerebrum and cerebellum of male and female starlings

    Jasmien Orije et al.
    Despite the structural sexual dimorphism in the song control system, both male and female starlings experience similar seasonal neuroplasticity in multisensory systems and cerebellum during the photosensitive phase, which acts as a sensitive window of plasticity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    R7 photoreceptor axon targeting depends on the relative levels of lost and found expression in R7 and its synaptic partners

    Jessica Douthit et al.
    R7 photoreceptors require the endosomal protein Lost and Found to form stable connections only when this protein is also present in neurons that are synaptic partners of R7.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Myoglobin primary structure reveals multiple convergent transitions to semi-aquatic life in the world's smallest mammalian divers

    Kai He et al.
    Ancestral sequence reconstruction of an essential muscle protein involved in oxygen storage and transport accurately tracks secondary aquatic transitions in a speciose clade of insectivorous mammals.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Spatiotemporal control of cell cycle acceleration during axolotl spinal cord regeneration

    Emanuel Cura Costa et al.
    Computational modeling and a cell cycle-reporting axolotl reveal how spinal cord regeneration can be achieved by a signal that propagates 828 μm from the injury site during the first 85 hours post-amputation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic strategies for high-efficiency all-optical interrogation using blue-light-sensitive opsins

    Angelo Forli et al.
    A new soma-targeted variant of the large-conductance blue-light-sensitive opsin CoChR combined with advanced optical stimulation methods allows high-efficiency all-optical neuronal imaging and stimulation in mouse brain in vivo.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM channels mediate learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention

    Adam Filipowicz et al.
    Behavioral assays using Caenorhabditis elegans show that a learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention requires specific chemosensory neurons and TRPM channels in the intestine and excretory cell.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unveiling the sensory and interneuronal pathways of the neuroendocrine connectome in Drosophila

    Sebastian Hückesfeld et al.
    Core of a neuroendocrine synaptic network consists of a parallel set of interneurons that target distinct combinations of neuroendocrine outputs, thus enabling variability and flexibility in selection of physiological activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ir56d-dependent fatty acid responses in Drosophila uncover taste discrimination between different classes of fatty acids

    Elizabeth B Brown et al.
    The taste system of fruit flies is activated by broad classes of fatty acids and can discriminate between different classes, revealing previously underappreciated complexity in the coding of tastants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sniff-synchronized, gradient-guided olfactory search by freely moving mice

    Teresa M Findley et al.
    To track odors borne on turbulent airflow, mice strategically follow their nose, with sampling movements and sensory computations reminiscent of those demonstrated in nematodes and insects.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rampant tooth loss across 200 million years of frog evolution

    Daniel J Paluh et al.
    Teeth are maintained in two amphibian groups (caecilians and salamanders) but were lost in frogs over 20 times independently, a higher incidence of edentulism than any other major vertebrate group.

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