109 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Region-specific myelin differences define behavioral consequences of chronic social defeat stress in mice

    Valentina Bonnefil et al.
    Myelination in the medial prefrontal cortex defines behavioral consequences to social stress.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The microbiota protects from viral-induced neurologic damage through microglia-intrinsic TLR signaling

    D Garrett Brown et al.
    Immune stimulation from the microbiota prevents neurological damage associated with viral infection of the central nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sonic hedgehog signaling in astrocytes mediates cell type-specific synaptic organization

    Steven A Hill et al.
    Astrocytes modulate synaptic remodeling of developing circuits in a cell type-specific manner, with long lasting deficits in synaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Exercise-induced enhancement of synaptic function triggered by the inverse BAR protein, Mtss1L

    Christina Chatzi et al.
    Single episodes of voluntary exercise induced a functional increase in hippocampal synapses mediated by activity-dependent expression of the BAR protein Mtss1L, acting as a novel early effector of synapse formation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Identification of compounds that rescue otic and myelination defects in the zebrafish adgrg6 (gpr126) mutant

    Elvira Diamantopoulou et al.
    Results of a zebrafish whole-animal chemical screen for compounds that can rescue ear and myelination defects in an adhesion GPCR (Adgrg6/Gpr126) mutant.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    GPIHBP1 expression in gliomas promotes utilization of lipoprotein-derived nutrients

    Xuchen Hu et al.
    The expression of the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) transporter GPIHBP1 in glioma capillaries promotes the LPL-mediated processing of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, thereby providing lipid nutrients for glioma cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse TRPA1 function and membrane localization are modulated by direct interactions with cholesterol

    Justyna B Startek et al.
    The activation and membrane localization of the broadly-tuned noxious chemosensory cation channel TRPA1 are regulated by direct interactions with cholesterol via CRAC motifs in transmembane segments 2 and 4.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The long non-coding RNA Cerox1 is a post transcriptional regulator of mitochondrial complex I catalytic activity

    Tamara M Sirey et al.
    Mitochondrial energy metabolism is post-transcriptionally regulated through an interplay between long and short non-coding RNAs.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    PAX8 regulon in human ovarian cancer links lineage dependency with epigenetic vulnerability to HDAC inhibitors

    Kaixuan Shi et al.
    A functional ovarian-specific PAX8-centric regulon is susceptible to FDA-approved HDAC inhibitors, providing the rationale to target human cancers driven by lineage-survival oncogenes with epigenetic therapeutics perturbing the enhancer topology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circulating transforming growth factor-β1 facilitates remyelination in the adult central nervous system

    Machika Hamaguchi et al.
    Although central nervous system (CNS) regeneration has been considered to be controlled by CNS microenvironment, CNS injury causes leading to leakage of circulating factors into CNS, which promotes CNS regeneration.

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