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    1. Neuroscience

    Schwann cells, but not Oligodendrocytes, Depend Strictly on Dynamin 2 Function

    Daniel Gerber et al.
    In the peripheral nervous system, the large GTPase dynamin 2 is required for Schwann cell survival, developmental radial sorting of axons, myelination, and myelin maintenance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interneurons and oligodendrocyte progenitors form a structured synaptic network in the developing neocortex

    David Orduz et al.
    During the second postnatal week, a temporary circuit made up of specific types of neurons plus the precursors of oligodendrocytes is established in the brain, and may promote the maturation of oligodendrocytes in preparation for myelination.
    1. Neuroscience

    PTEN negatively regulates the cell lineage progression from NG2+ glial progenitor to oligodendrocyte via mTOR-independent signaling

    Estibaliz González-Fernández et al.
    OPC-specific genetic inhibition of Akt upstream and downstream molecules in the mouse, and simultaneous OPC fate analysis reveal that PTEN-AKT-GSK3b forms a persistent negative signaling pathway for OL development, in parallel with the AKT-mTORC1 pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mild myelin disruption elicits early alteration in behavior and proliferation in the subventricular zone

    Elizabeth A Gould et al.
    Mild myelin disruption leads to early axonal pathology, a novel pathological response in neural stem cells, regionally increased oligodendrocytes and altered behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Endothelin signalling mediates experience-dependent myelination in the CNS

    Matthew Swire et al.
    Endothelin signalling, regulated by changes in neuronal activity associated with experience, influences the number of myelin sheaths formed by individual oligodendrocytes.
    1. Neuroscience

    An automated high-resolution in vivo screen in zebrafish to identify chemical regulators of myelination

    Jason J Early et al.
    A fully automated high-resolution in vivo screening platform for zebrafish was implemented and used to identify novel compounds that regulate oligodendrocyte lineage progression.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric inhibition of a stem cell RNA-binding protein by an intermediary metabolite

    Carina C Clingman et al.
    The RNA-binding protein MSI1, which is required for stem cell and cancer cell proliferation in the brain and epithelial tissues, also directly senses the concentration of long non-esterified omega-9 fatty acids.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anillin facilitates septin assembly to prevent pathological outfoldings of central nervous system myelin

    Michelle S Erwig et al.
    Mature myelin sheaths are scaffolded by the anillin-dependent assembly of septin filaments, thereby facilitating rapid nerve conduction in the healthy CNS.
    1. Neuroscience

    Region-specific myelin differences define behavioral consequences of chronic social defeat stress in mice

    Valentina Bonnefil et al.
    Myelination in the medial prefrontal cortex defines behavioral consequences to social stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Accelerated remyelination during inflammatory demyelination prevents axonal loss and improves functional recovery

    Feng Mei et al.
    Uncoupling the immunological response and degenerative processes from possible repair demonstrates that remyelination prevents axonal loss after inflammatory demyelination.