555 results found
    1. Medicine

    TMAO, a seafood-derived molecule, produces diuresis and reduces mortality in heart failure rats

    Marta Gawrys-Kopczynska et al.
    Trimethylamine-oxide (TMAO), a molecule present in seafood, reduces mortality and exerts beneficial effects on the circulatory system in heart failure rats.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Protein gradients on the nucleoid position the carbon-fixing organelles of cyanobacteria

    Joshua S MacCready et al.
    Carboxysomes, the carbon-fixation machinery of cyanobacteria, are equidistantly-positioned by dynamic gradients of the protein McdA on the nucleoid that emerge through interaction with a previously unidentified carboxysome factor, McdB.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Presence versus absence of CYP734A50 underlies the style-length dimorphism in primroses

    Cuong Nguyen Huu et al.
    CYP734A50 is a heterostyly gene from primroses that underlies the differences in style length between the two forms by degrading growth-promoting hormones in the short styles.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Epigenetic analysis of Paget’s disease of bone identifies differentially methylated loci that predict disease status

    Ilhame Diboun et al.
    PDB-associated differences in DNA methylation are reproducible and reflect key environmental modulators of bone homeostasis including viral processes, vitamin D metabolism, as well as mechanical sheer load.
    1. Plant Biology

    LEAFY maintains apical stem cell activity during shoot development in the fern Ceratopteris richardii 

    Andrew RG Plackett et al.
    Transgenic analysis reveals a role for LEAFY in ferns that supports a trajectory from general to floral meristem-specific function as land plants evolved.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Distinct effects of complement and of NLRP3- and non-NLRP3 inflammasomes for choroidal neovascularization

    Jakob Malsy et al.
    Characterization of the effects of complement- and inflammasome-mediated inflammation on choroidal neovascularization in a mouse model of neovascular age-related macular degeneration suggests synergistic benefits from targeting both forms of inflammation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Existence and functions of a kisspeptin neuropeptide signaling system in a non-chordate deuterostome species

    Tianming Wang et al.
    Identification and functional characterization of the first non-chordate kisspeptin neuropeptide system in the sea cucumber indicates the ancient origin of the intracellular signaling and physiological functions of this molecular system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural Circuits: Turning away from danger

    Jun Liu, Monika Scholz
    The flexible escape behavior exhibited by C. elegans in response to threats relies on a combination of feedback and feedforward circuits.
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    1. Plant Biology

    Point of View: Europe’s first and last field trial of gene-edited plants?

    Jean-Denis Faure, Johnathan A Napier
    The reclassification of gene editing as "GM" will impact on European plant sciences, making it more difficult to validate new traits in field trials and drive forward innovation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Systematic identification of cis-regulatory variants that cause gene expression differences in a yeast cross

    Kaushik Renganaath et al.
    Yeast promoters can harbor multiple natural DNA variants that influence gene expression, interact genetically, evolve under negative selection, alter transcription factor motifs, and remain challenging to predict.

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