1,985 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide is a functional receptor for human hepatitis B and D virus

    Huan Yan et al.
    Biochemical and genetic tests have revealed that a liver protein called NTCP is a functional receptor for hepatitis B and D viruses, which should lead to an improved understanding of the infections caused by these viruses and assist the development of new intervention strategies.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic proteins promote calcium-triggered fast transition from point contact to full fusion

    Jiajie Diao et al.
    A combination of advanced optical imaging and cryogenic electron microscopy has been used to explore membrane fusion in a synthetic system and provide new insights into neurotransmitter release.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Distinct gating mechanisms revealed by the structures of a multi-ligand gated K+ channel

    Chunguang Kong et al.
    Structural and functional studies of a potassium ion channel that is opened and closed by different ligands have revealed a novel gating mechanism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Doxorubicin blocks proliferation of cancer cells through proteolytic activation of CREB3L1

    Bray Denard et al.
    Cleavage of a membrane-bound transcription factor by the chemotherapeutic reagent doxorubicin can block the proliferation of tumor cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    rsEGFP2 enables fast RESOLFT nanoscopy of living cells

    Tim Grotjohann et al.
    The discovery of a fluorescent protein that can be rapidly switched between long-lived ‘on’ and ‘off’ states will lead to a new generation of super-resolution imaging experiments on living cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Quantification of gait parameters in freely walking wild type and sensory deprived Drosophila melanogaster

    César S Mendes et al.
    Novel imaging experiments suggest that fruit flies modify their neural circuitry for walking at slow, medium and fast speeds, and that proprioception is not essential for coordinated walking.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Strong inter-population cooperation leads to partner intermixing in microbial communities

    Babak Momeni et al.
    Simulations and experiments on systems containing two different populations of microorganisms show that interactions that benefit at least one of the populations can lead to communities with stable compositions, and that strong cooperation between two populations can lead to communities in which both populations are mixed together.
    1. Neuroscience

    Changing the responses of cortical neurons from sub- to suprathreshold using single spikes in vivo

    Verena Pawlak et al.
    Changing the order in which presynaptic and postsynaptic cells are repeatedly activated can change what a mammalian visual cortex neuron communicates to downstream neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NOVA-dependent regulation of cryptic NMD exons controls synaptic protein levels after seizure

    Taesun Eom et al.
    The HITS-CLIP sequencing method is used to demonstrate that cryptic exons can detect messenger RNA that contains nonsense mutations, and then cause this RNA to decay, which shows that these exons are involved in maintaining the electrical balance of neurons and, possibly, preventing epilepsy.

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