46 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Loss of Kat2a enhances transcriptional noise and depletes acute myeloid leukemia stem-like cells

    Ana Filipa Domingues et al.
    Histone acetyl-transferase Kat2a preserves leukemia stem cells through frequent transcriptional firing of metabolic and regulatory gene promoters and maintenance of a largely invariant self-renewal program.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Transient hypothyroidism favors oligodendrocyte generation providing functional remyelination in the adult mouse brain

    Sylvie Remaud et al.
    Production of remyelinating subventricular zone oligodendrocyte progenitors is stimulated by transient abrogation of thyroid hormone signalling in the adult neural stem cell niche.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Signalling through AMPA receptors on oligodendrocyte precursors promotes myelination by enhancing oligodendrocyte survival

    Eleni Kougioumtzidou et al.
    Electrically active axons in white matter stimulate their own myelination by releasing glutamate, which signals through AMPA-type glutamate receptors on nearby oligodendrocyte precursors and newly-differentiating oligodendrocytes, enhancing their survival and hence their ability to myelinate.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Puromycin reactivity does not accurately localize translation at the subcellular level

    Syed Usman Enam et al.
    Methods that use puromycin to localize active translation do not actually detect the site of translation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Damage-responsive, maturity-silenced enhancers regulate multiple genes that direct regeneration in Drosophila

    Robin E Harris et al.
    The reduced ability of Drosophila imaginal discs to regenerate as they mature can be explained by the silencing of damage-responsive enhancers that regulate expression of genes required for regeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calcium dynamics regulating the timing of decision-making in C. elegans

    Yuki Tanimoto et al.
    A series of quantitative behavioural and opto-physiological analyses using a novel robot microscope system reveals that C. elegans computes the time-differential and time-integral of sensory information for decision-making during olfactory navigation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventrolateral periaqueductal gray neurons prioritize threat probability over fear output

    Kristina M Wright, Michael A McDannald
    Single-unit activity in the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray, a brain region implicated in organizing fear output, is found to reflect threat probability, a more versatile threat signal.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    c-Maf restrains T-bet-driven programming of CCR6-negative group 3 innate lymphoid cells

    Caroline Tizian et al.
    c-Maf is a novel key regulator of the type 3-to-1 conversion of CCR6 ILC3s that controls the functional plasticity of ILC3s by acting as a cell-intrinsic gatekeeper of T-bet expression.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel perivascular cell population in the zebrafish brain

    Marina Venero Galanternik et al.
    A new brain perivascular cell type in the zebrafish related to mammalian Fluorescent Granular Perithelial (FGP) cells emerges directly from endothelium during early development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-exposure visual memory judgments are reflected in inferotemporal cortex

    Travis Meyer, Nicole C Rust
    In response to the question "Have you seen this image before?", remembering and forgetting can be accounted for by a weighted linear read-out of memory signals in monkey inferotemporal cortex.

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