229 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitation of medium spiny neurons by ‘inhibitory’ ultrapotent chemogenetics via shifts in chloride reversal potential

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    Modifying membrane potential by an 'inhibitory' chloride conductance such as PSAM4-GlyR is inherently unstable because the normally low intracellular concentration of chloride is readily increased by influx of chloride.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prenatal methadone exposure disrupts behavioral development and alters motor neuron intrinsic properties and local circuitry

    Gregory G Grecco et al.
    A novel, translational mouse model of prenatal methadone exposure was developed and a longitudinal assessment of offspring revealed impairments in physical, behavioral, and neuronal development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic disruption of WASHC4 drives endo-lysosomal dysfunction and cognitive-movement impairments in mice and humans

    Jamie L Courtland et al.
    Cellular etiology of a human WASH complex mutation in mice reveals its specific roles in neuronal organelle trafficking and a surprising role in motor impairments.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    TWIST1 and chromatin regulatory proteins interact to guide neural crest cell differentiation

    Xiaochen Fan et al.
    Network propagation connects TWIST1 with epigenetic regulators CHD7, CHD8, and WHSC1, which collectively promote the bias toward neural crest while suppressing neural stem cell programmes, and subsequently enhance ectomesenchyme potential.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Swarming bacteria undergo localized dynamic phase transition to form stress-induced biofilms

    Iago Grobas et al.
    Collective stress response via localized dynamic phase transition turns swarming Bacillus subtilis into biofilms.
    1. Neuroscience

    An optimized CRISPR/Cas9 approach for precise genome editing in neurons

    Huaqiang Fang et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 based genomic editing for efficient endogenous protein tagging can be achieved by targeting non-coding sequences with two guides.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parabrachial opioidergic projections to preoptic hypothalamus mediate behavioral and physiological thermal defenses

    Aaron J Norris et al.
    Warm-activated parabrachial neurons contain overlapping dynorphin and enkephalin expressing subpopulations, project to preoptic hypothalamus, and mediate behavioral and physiological thermal defenses behaviors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Exocyst-mediated membrane trafficking of the lissencephaly-associated ECM receptor dystroglycan is required for proper brain compartmentalization

    Andriy S Yatsenko et al.
    Neuronal interacting proteome reveals that the cellular dynamics of the lissencephaly-associated extracellular matrix receptor dystroglycan are governed by the exocyst complex, which is key for proper brain assembly.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Controlling opioid receptor functional selectivity by targeting distinct subpockets of the orthosteric site

    Rajendra Uprety et al.
    The structure-based design established a new approach to control pathway-selective activation of opioid receptors, resulting in new dual MOR/KOR G-protein biased agonist analgesics with attenuated liabilities.

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