287 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The proneural wave in the Drosophila optic lobe is driven by an excitable reaction-diffusion mechanism

    David J Jörg et al.
    A model of signalling pathways interacting with proneural gene expression explains the sequential patterning of the largest visual processing centre in the developing Drosophila brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comparisons between the ON- and OFF-edge motion pathways in the Drosophila brain

    Kazunori Shinomiya et al.
    A complete connectome of the ON and OFF motion pathways of the Drosophila optic lobe is acquired using three-dimensional EM methods, and the similarities and differences of the two pathways are uncovered.
    1. Neuroscience

    The comprehensive connectome of a neural substrate for ‘ON’ motion detection in Drosophila

    Shin-ya Takemura et al.
    Connectomic analysis identifies the complex circuits of a visual motion-sensing neuron that qualify them to generate direction-selective motion sensing signals using both Hassenstein-Reichardt and Barlow-Levick models.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual Behavior: The eyes have it

    Mehmet Keleş, Mark A Frye
    Molecular genetic experiments are revealing how the fly brain generates behavioral responses to visual stimuli.
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Developmental Neuroscience: Re-utilization of a transcription factor

    Filipe Pinto-Teixeira, Claude Desplan
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotransmitter Identity: A question of lineage

    Sonia Sen
    In the ventral nerve cord of fruit flies, neurons from the same hemilineage use the same neurotransmitter.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Accelerated phosphatidylcholine turnover in macrophages promotes adipose tissue inflammation in obesity

    Kasparas Petkevicius et al.
    Obesity leads to increased phosphatidylcholine turnover in adipose tissue macrophages that makes them susceptible to saturated fatty acid-induced inflammation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A primal role for the vestibular sense in the development of coordinated locomotion

    David E Ehrlich, David Schoppik
    Zebrafish use their sense of gravity and their cerebellum to coordinate the fin and body movements that, as they develop, allow them to better maintain balance as they climb.
    1. Cell Biology

    TORC2-Gad8-dependent myosin phosphorylation modulates regulation by calcium

    Karen Baker et al.
    IQ domain phosphorylation regulates calmodulin binding and myosin-1 function.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancestral apical brain region contributes to the central complex under the control of foxQ2 in the beetle Tribolium

    Bicheng He et al.
    An ancestral apical brain center contributed to the evolution of the insect central complex requiring foxQ2, which is essential for the development of midline structures of the insect brain.

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