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    1. Neuroscience

    Cre-assisted fine-mapping of neural circuits using orthogonal split inteins

    Haojiang Luan et al.
    A genetic method allows neurons to be individually identified and characterized by combining information about both their developmental origins and their mature patterns of gene expression.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A single-cell transcriptomic atlas of the adult Drosophila ventral nerve cord

    Aaron M Allen et al.
    A single-cell atlas of the adult fly VNC charts the types and properties of cells for future studies of brain development and function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Experience shapes activity dynamics and stimulus coding of VIP inhibitory cells

    Marina Garrett et al.
    VIP inhibitory neurons are active in response to novel images but are suppressed by familiar stimuli and show ramping activity when expected stimuli are omitted.
    1. Neuroscience

    The functional organization of excitation and inhibition in the dendrites of mouse direction-selective ganglion cells

    Varsha Jain et al.
    Accurate direction-selective information is present within small sections of the dendrites, raising the possibility that single dendrites utilize parallel processing schemes to process motion information.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Antagonistic regulation by insulin-like peptide and activin ensures the elaboration of appropriate dendritic field sizes of amacrine neurons

    Jiangnan Luo et al.
    Afferent-derived factors control the elaboration of appropriate and robust sizes of dendritic arbors by dynamically modulating dendritic growth parameters.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Retinal oxygen supply shaped the functional evolution of the vertebrate eye

    Christian Damsgaard et al.
    Multiple respiratory and vascular mechanisms have recurrently evolved across the vertebrates to alleviate the oxygen diffusion limitations inherent to the morphology of the retina.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancestral apical brain region contributes to the central complex under the control of foxQ2 in the beetle Tribolium

    Bicheng He et al.
    An ancestral apical brain center contributed to the evolution of the insect central complex requiring foxQ2, which is essential for the development of midline structures of the insect brain.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Primary cilia deficiency in neural crest cells models anterior segment dysgenesis in mouse

    Céline Portal et al.
    Primary cilia of neural crest-derived cells mediate Indian hedgehog-induced signal transduction in the periocular mesenchyme and are required for normal anterior segment development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interactions between Dpr11 and DIP-γ control selection of amacrine neurons in Drosophila color vision circuits

    Kaushiki P Menon et al.
    The survival of Drosophila amacrine neurons is controlled by neurotrophic signaling mediated by interactions between the cell surface protein DIP-γ and its partner Dpr11, which is expressed on presynaptic photoreceptors.
    1. Cell Biology

    TORC2-Gad8-dependent myosin phosphorylation modulates regulation by calcium

    Karen Baker et al.
    IQ domain phosphorylation regulates calmodulin binding and myosin-1 function.